Alexander and opposition

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  • Created by: keisha_
  • Created on: 16-05-16 13:52
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  • Alexander and reaction
    • Polish revolt 1863.
    • The death of Alexanders eldest son and heir.
    • His new mistress Caterina Dolgoniki who distracted him and made him spend less time away from his Liberal relatives.
    • Attempted assassination before the real thing.
    • Alexander appointed reactionary ministers such as Tolstoy, Shuvalov and Timashev who persuaded him that Westernisation was ruining Russia.
    • Education
      • Primary schools returned to the church
      • Zemstva influence was restricted.
      • The gymnazii could no longer teach science.
      • Students from vocational colleges could no longer go to uni.
      • Student organisations were banned.
      • The results
        • Religious control was reasserted.
        • Restricted curriculum
        • Females were denied education
        • Many students escaped this and just went and studied abroad.
    • Military and economic reforms continued but other reforms were halted or even reversed.
    • Police and the law courts
      • Work of the Third section increased.
        • Results
          • Opposition thrived underground.
    • Cultural reforms.
      • Poles lost their rights
      • Russian culture was forced on minorities 'Russification'
      • Censorship tightened.
      • Results
        • Hostility towards none Russians
        • New opposition emerged.


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