3. Achievement motivation

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Achievement motivation
    • Achievement motivation links personality with a degree of competitiveness
    • Trait: MURRAY
      • It is natural for one individual to strive to surpass another
    • Social learning: BANDURA
      • A competitive drive is a product of learning
    • InteractionsistATKINSON & McCLELLAND
      • Achievement motivation is a personality trait which is triggered by environmental factors
      • The situation comprises the probability of success and the incentive value of success
      • There are 2 personality traits that determine achievement motivation
        • High need to achieve (high Nach). Also associated with low need to avoid failure (low Naf)
          • The desire to succeed far outweighs the fear of failure (high achievement motivation)
        • Low need to achieve (low Nach). Also associated with high Naf
          • The fear of failure far outweighs the desire for success (low achievement motivation)
      • High Nach personality characteristics
        • High Nach
        • Low Naf
        • Approach behaviour is adopted
        • Challenge is accepted
        • Risks are undertaken
        • Persist when task is difficult
        • Success tends to be attributed to internal factors
        • Failure tends to be attributed to external factors
        • Failure is seen as a route to success
        • Aspire to mastery orientation
      • Low Nach personality characteristics
        • Low Nach
        • High Naf
        • Avoidance behaviour is adopted
        • Challenge is rejected
        • Risks are not taken
        • Gives up when task is difficult
        • Success tends to be attributed to external factors
        • Failure tends to be attributed to internal factors
        • Failure is seen as the route to further failure
        • Adopt learned helplessness
      • This theory is best at predicting behavioural responses in situations where there is a 50/50 chance of success
        • Here, performers with a high Nach are likely to display approach behaviour and mastery orientation characteristics
        • However, perforemers will low Nach are likely to display avoidance behaviour and experience learned helplessness
    • EVAL
      • Success can be interpreted in many ways
      • Some performers regard success as victory over others. These are said to have ego goal orientation
        • These people believ that comparison against others are the criteria for success, Ego goal orientation is also a 'product goal'
      • Some regard success as personal improvement in a given task and are said to have task orientation
        • These people value internal goals and believe that comparison with self are the criteria for success. Task orientation can be achieved through 'performance or 'process' goals
    • Sport-specific achievement motivation (competitiveness)
      • The motivation to achieve in sport
      • GILL & DEETER
        • Athletes are more competitive than non-athletes
        • Athletes favoured performance goals (ask orientation)
        • Non-athletes preferred product goals (ego orientation)
        • Used their own test called the Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ)

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Sports psychology resources »