1798 Rebellion Causes (1)

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  • 1798 Rebellion - Long and Short time Causes (1)
    • Long Term Cause
      • English occupation of Ireland
      • Religion
      • Plantation Policy
      • Penal Laws - restrictions for Catholics
      • Economic Problems - twin-track economy - Ulster if strong, south and west is weak
      • Govt of Ireland - who should hold the power/control
    • Protestant Ascendancy
      • Anglican Protestant elite who monopolised all areas of Irish life - laws, politics + society
      • Mixture of landowners and Irish/Anglican church. Land+Money = Power
      • 1714 - only 5% of land in Irish hands
    • Landowners
      • Land was the real base of power in 18th century Ireland
      • Ascendancy owned 95% as a result of plantations and confiscations - caused grievences
      • Catholics - peasants who rented land from Protestants
    • The Church
      • Anglican Church of Ireland - official - wealth, privileges + influence = advantage
        • Established by law
      • Represented the H of L
      • Collected tithes from all in Ireland - Catholics not happy
      • Seen as a major tool of English control of Ireland - key method

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