Section 1 Industry    1783 - 1812 

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  • Section 1 Industry    1783 - 1812
    • Society
      • Middle
        • the new emerging middle class was created
          • this started the age of consumerism and therefore stimulated the economy
      • Upper
        • were content with the current state of British politics
        • consisted of those who were born into wealth, the aristocracy and wealthy land owners
      • Labouring rural
        • they experienced a boom in demand for wheat whilst the French wars were going on due to the trade blockades put up by Napoleon
          • However when the wars were over and the blockades were lifted foreign grain flooded the market and agriculture experienced a depression
      • Labouring urban
        • Many were migrating from urban areas to the bigger towns and cities to find more prosperity
          • this sudden surge of migrating citizens caused a rush for housing
            • back to back housing was created and the big cities like Manchester and Liverpool quickly became overcrowded
              • this overcrowding caused poor living conditions and a rapid spread of disease
          • The majority of them then were employed in the large new factories
            • although they were earning a better wage than in the rural areas on farms, wages were low, hours were long and conditions were often dangerous and staining
      • General
        • majority of the population were living in poverty
        • French wars began in 1789
          • british involvement began in 1793 after the execution of louis XIV
            • this caused a scare amongst the government as they thought the population would be influenced by it
              • the irish rebellion led by wolftone began in 1798
            • Tom Paine's 'the rights of man' was published in favour of the revolution
            • 1805 nelson's victory at the battle of trafalgar
        • Thomas Hardy's London corresponding society was set up in 1792
        • Act of union caused upset amongst the irish as they were promised catholic emancipation as a result and then the promise didn't follow through
    • Economy
      • General
        • Britain was in the process of industrialisation, economy was developing in ways that it hadn't before
      • Agriculture
        • enclosure quickened the pace of agricultural development. It resulted in higher crop yield and healthier live stock
        • However in some ways enclosure wasn't beneficial as it led to low wages and the demoralisation of many farm labourers.
      • transport
        • Canals were a new method of effective transport for large and bulky goods. the 1780's was the height of the canal era
        • However the canals were difficult and expensive to build and were often slow to operate.
      • iron & coal
        • Coal was essential to the industrialisation as it was a cheap source of fuel for machines and transport
          • it led to the mechanisation of many industries including the textile
        • Technological advancements required iron. it gave a boost to the industry also.
      • textile
        • Power loom 1789, revolutionised the textile industry. Became mechanised
    • politics
      • Tories
        • Pitt is invited into office by the ling after the dismissal of the north-fox coalition in 1783
          • 1801 Addington comes in after Pitt resigns over the act of union debacle
            • 1804 Pitt comes in again until his death in 06
              • 07 Grenville resigns and Portland comes in
                • 09 Percival comes in and his period in office coincides with a period of economic depression
                  • 1812 Liverpool comes in and is in office for 15 years.
              • 06 Grenville is invited to form a whig administration by the king
                • 07 Grenville resigns and Portland comes in
                  • 09 Percival comes in and his period in office coincides with a period of economic depression
                    • 1812 Liverpool comes in and is in office for 15 years.
      • policies
        • Pitt
          • sinking fund and anglo-fench trade treaty in 1786
            • consolidation and hovering act in 1787
              • friendly societies and catholic relief act in 1793
                • 94 Habeas corpus suspended
                  • 95 treasonable  practices and seditious meetings act
                    • 98 defence of the realm act and introduction of income tax
                      • 99 combination acts
                        • 1800 act of union
          • Grenville
            • abolition of Britains involvement in the slave trade
      • Whigs
        • 06 Grenville is invited to form a whig administration by the king
        • General
          • This section is mainly dominated by the tory party.
          • there is a constitutional monarchy in Britain
            • people believed that the monarchy ruled through divine right
          • the system is based on patronage
            • only the rich and influential had the vote
              • the political system represented less than 3% of the population
          • Representation of the consistencies was all over the place
            • the system was filled with rotten and pocket boroughs
              • caused corruption in the government as MP's of rotten boroughs would easily gain power in parliament

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