Unit 1 - Human Lifespan Development

Health & Social Care Revison
Year 10 Exam
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How many human life stages are there?
6
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What's the age bracket for 'Infancy'?
0-2 years
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What's the age bracket for 'Childhood'?
3-8 years
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What's the age bracket for 'Adolescence'?
9-18 years
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What's the age bracket for 'Early Adulthood'?
19-45 years
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What's the age bracket for 'Middle Adulthood'?
46-65 years
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What's the age bracket for 'Later Adulthood'?
65+ years
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What is growth?
Height, weight & size
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What is development?
Gaining skills, learning & gaining knowledge
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 0-2 year old?
Gross Motor Skills - Large Muscle Movements (Walking, running, jumping). Fine Motor Skills - Small Muscle Movements (Grasping, gripping, pinching).
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What's the INTELLECTUAL development of a 0-2 year old?
Language, talking, senses, exploring the world around them - THINK LEARNING!
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What's the EMOTIONAL development of a 0-2 year old?
Crying, attachment, bonding, laughing, stability- THINK FEELINGS!
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What's the SOCIAL development of a 0-2 year old?
Company, family - THINK INTERACTION!
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 3-8 year old?
Showing strength, agility and skill. Between these ages children can usually top toe, climb and play sports.
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What's the INTELLECTUAL development of a 3-8 year old?
The biggest step intellectually at this age is starting education. Other intellectual developments at this age include: concentration, thinking for ourselves, listening to instruction, speaking, writing, complex sentences, spelling, fluent talking.
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What's the EMOTIONAL development 3-8 year old?
At this age we start to understand emotions. We start to understand our own feelings and the feeling of the people around us. Other emotional developments are: hunger, loneliness, tiredness, worry, illness, bored, frustration & tantrums.
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What's the SOCIAL development of a 3-8 year old?
Most skills developed through play. Play teaches us independence, how to share, how to hold a 2 way conversation, to understand different interests and how to interact in a social environment. Other social skills include: eating & dressing.
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What's attachment?
Attachment is usually the first emotion a baby feels from birth. They recognise and attach themselves to their main caregivers.
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What's bonding?
Bonding is an important emotional development for babies as they need to feel a sense of security in order to develop effectively.
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 9-18 year old girl?
Breast buds (9 years), breasts fully develop between 12-18. Pubic hair, armpit and leg hair usually begin to grow at 9 or 10. Menarche (periods) occur 2 years after breasts grow and pubic hair appears. Rapid height growth between 9 and 14 years old.
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 9-18 year old boy?
Testicles & scrotum grow as early as early as age 9. The penis begins to lengthen. At age 16-17, genitals are at adult size & shape. At 12 pubic hair grows as well as armpit, leg chest and facial hair. Nocturnal emissions (wet dreams), voice deepens.
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What's the INTELLECTUAL development of a 9-18 year old?
Teens develop the ability to make judgements, think deeply and often make positive and negative decisions that affect their future. They also form their own beliefs, values and morals.
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What's the EMOTIONAL development of a 9-18 year old?
The suddens physical changes we go through makw us very self-conscious, sensitive and worried about their own body changes. We make painful comparisons about ourselves with our peers. This affects our self-esteem and confidence.
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What's the SOCIAL development of a 9-18 year old?
Peer groups become a safe haven. In early adolescence, peer groups consist of non-romantic relationships. Mid adolescence (14-16) , romantic friendships occur. Sexual identity established. Dating & experimenting.
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 19-45 year old?
We are at the peak of our fitness betwen these ages. Women are most fertile in their 20's and 30's but high risk pregnancy increases in mothers in their 40's.
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What's the INTELLECTUAL development of a 19-45 year old?
We are developing either at higher education or in our jobs. We develop long term memory and our organisation skills are evolving at a rapid rate. We manage our own finances as well as expand our concentration span.
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What's the EMOTIONAL development of a 19-45 year old?
Our self-esteem and confidence has increased and we have learnt to cope with negative factors. We enter into long term relationships. We have experienced negative and positive emotions and so we develop empathy for others.
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What's the SOCIAL development of a 19-45 year old?
We enter long term relationships, get married & divorced and have children.
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 46-65 year old?
Hair begins to turn grey - men may lose hair. Many people begin to gain weight.
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What's the INTELLECTUAL development of a 46-65 year old?
At this life stage we are at the peak of our intellect, however we never stop learning and will continue to develop our memory and concentration span.
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What's the EMOTIONAL development of a 46-65 year old?
Self-esteem and self image can be based on negative and positive experiences. Confidence is usually at a high and you may even find yourself giving advice to a younger generation on how to deal with emotions.
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What's the SOCIAL development of a 46-65 year old?
Responsibilities lessen with age as your children grow up and become independent, got to university or get married. This is often known as 'empty nest syndrome'. Older people may lose social relationships when they retire or change jobs or move house
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What's the PHYSICAL development of a 65+ year old?
More likely to gain illnesses and we have slower recovery times. Physical health declines and risk factors increase. Some may still be physically fit.
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What's the INTELLECTUAL development of a 65+ year old?
Takes longer to learn. Day to day memory might be affected but long term memory improves. Older people may take up activities to keep their mind active.
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What's the EMOTIONAL development of a 65+ year old?
We decline rapidly in our years. We often lose our independence and may become isolated from many friends, family and society. Lose of spouse can result in low self esteem.
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What's the SOCIAL development of a 65+ year old?
We join clubs and activities as we have more time to do activities. Children move away so we get lonely and have no one to talk to.
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What physical appearances to we inherit?
Hair colour, eye colour, bone structure, height, nose shape, face shape and features, intellect, characteristics, appearance.
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What are some expected life events?
Marriage, education, pregnancy/parenthood, retirement, moving house/location.
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What are some unexpected life events?
Prison, winning the lottery, disability, war, mental health/emotional issues, death, relationship issues, addiction, money problems, natural disasters, accidents.
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What are some types of support?
Formal & Informal
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What are some sources of support?
Doctors, health specialists, counsellors, youth workers, teachers, support groups, family/friends.
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What are some positive effects of formal support?
Specific, structured, specialist, don't know the person, non - judgemental.
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What are some negative effects of formal support?
Embarrassment, no trust, scared, may not understand, don't know your background.
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What are some positive effects of informal support?
Comfortable, trust, non - judgemental, friendly, listening, empathy, encouragement, supportive, they know your background.
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What are some negative effects of informal support?
Leaves yourself wide open, judgemental, too close, don't listen, no time, don't take action, all about them, may tell someone else, non - expert.
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What is menopause?
When your period stop and you cannot reproduce anymore.
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What are some physical effects of the menopause?
Mood swings. Periods stop. Lack of sleep.
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What are some emotional effects of the menopause?
Weight gain. Tiredness.
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Negative effects of loss of income
Stress. Move home/homeless. Strain on relationship. Embarrassment. Can't pay the bills. Can't afford uniform. Lack of concentration at school. Many impact on schooling options.
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Positive effects of loss of income
Maybe value things more.
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Negative effects of gain of income
Maybe become spoilt. May not learn to work hard to succeed. Parents may always be at work so no quality time.
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Positive effects of gain of income
Can afford better schooling/education. Move to bigger house/more space & privacy. Better diet. Can afford after school clubs. Parents able to spend quality time with kids as don't have to work so much.
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Positive effects of moving out of home
Fresh start. Share the bills. Independence. Share the housework. Explore the city/country. Make new friends. Save money. Affect self - esteem.
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Negative effects of moving out of home
Miss family. Miss friends. May feel isolated or lonely. No money. No shared responsibility. Affect self - esteem. Home sick.
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Positive effects of starting uni/new job
Gaining an advanced/specialised education. Promotion. Meeting new people. Gaining knowledge & experience. Earn more money. Opportunities. New challenges. Raise self - esteem.
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Negative effects of starting uni/new job
Missing family. Missing friends/colleagues. Confused/don't know what to expect. Having to learn new challenges. Away from home town.
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What is SELF - IMAGE?
The way you see yourself.
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What is SELF - ESTEEM?
The way you feel about yourself.
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Card 2

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How many human life stages are there?

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6

Card 3

Front

What's the age bracket for 'Infancy'?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What's the age bracket for 'Childhood'?

Back

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Card 5

Front

What's the age bracket for 'Adolescence'?

Back

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