Weather and climate

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What is weather?
The state of the atmosphere on a local scale and over a short time scale
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What is climate?
The average weather over a longer time frame usually over 30 years and a larger area
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Liquids in the atmosphere
H20
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Solids in the atmosphere
Snow, dust (particulates)
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Gases in atmosphere
Nitrogen (75%), Oxygen (21%), Water vapor (0.2-0.4%), CO2 (0,03%)
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How far does the atmosphere extend?
1,000km from the Earth (most of it concentrated in first 16km)
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Importance of water vapour in weather?
Key GHG and evens out temperature
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Importance of dust in weather?
Absorbs radiation and must be present for precipitation
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Importance of pollutants?
Affects radiation levels
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Importance of CO2?
Absorbs long wave radiation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is climate?

Back

The average weather over a longer time frame usually over 30 years and a larger area

Card 3

Front

Liquids in the atmosphere

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Solids in the atmosphere

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gases in atmosphere

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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