US Presidents

Covers US Presidents from 1865-1989.

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  • Created by: MRH__98
  • Created on: 15-04-15 17:31
Abraham Lincoln
Republican. Issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862. President from 1861-1865.
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Andrew Johnson
Democrat. Opposed Civil Rights legislation. Passed Black Codes. President from 1865-1869.
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Ulysses S. Grant
Republican. Accepted Reconstruction policy. President from 1868-1877.
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Theodore Roosevelt
Republican. Supported Progressive movements and approved of Booker T. Washington but did not address Black Civil Rights. President from 1901-1909.
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William Taft
Republican. Took little interest in Civil Rights, believed in States' Rights. President from 1909-1913.
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Woodrow Wilson
Democrat. Typical racist views, appointed segregationists and dismissed African Americans. President from 1913-1921.
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William Harding
Republican. Gave a speech in Birmingham in October 1921 stating he wanted blacks to have equal educational opportunities and greater voting rights in the South. However condemned racial mixing and the Great Migration. President from 1921-1923.
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Calvin Coolidge
Republican. Stated Black Rights were as 'sacred' as anyone else's but was passive. President from 1923-1929.
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Herbert Hoover
Republican. Tried to appoint a racist Supreme Court Judge but was successfully stopped by the NAACP. President from 1929-1933.
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Franklin D. Roosevelt
Democrat. Used the New Deal to help blacks during the Great Depression by desegregating federal employment and setting up the Fair Employment Commission, but the New Deal was not too effective. Wife, Eleanor supported blacks. President from 1933-1945
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Harry S. Truman
Democrat. Used Executive Order 9981 to desegregate the US military and commissioned a President's Committee on Civil Rights, but made no legislations. President from 1945-1953.
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Dwight D. Eisenhower
Republican. Helped in Little Rock. Did not favour aggressive action, failed to take initiative after the Brown case, passive. President from 1953-1961.
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JFK
Democrat. Made various promises but failed to follow up. Lukewarm response to lack of law and order in South, made brother, Robert more favourable. President from 1961-1963.
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Lyndon B. Johnson
Democrat. Formed pro-civil rights coalition of Republicans & Democrats. Generally supportive of Civil Rights but not always consistent. President from 1963-1969.
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Richard Nixon
Republican. Strong line on law and order, pause from Civil Rights, moderately liberal line. President from 1969-1974.
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Gerald Ford
Republican. Voted for Civil Rights Bills but sceptical of too much Federal power in this area. President from 1974-1977.
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Jimmy Carter
Democrat. Strong supporter of Black Civil Rights. President from 1977-1981.
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Ronald Reagan (Reagan...SMASH!)
Democrat up to 1962, when he became Republican. Tended to oppose welfare and employment programmes. President from 1981-1989.
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George H. W. Bush
Republican. Liberal background, voted for Fair Housing Act, but vetoed Civil Rights Bill of 1990. President from 1989-1993.
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Card 2

Front

Democrat. Opposed Civil Rights legislation. Passed Black Codes. President from 1865-1869.

Back

Andrew Johnson

Card 3

Front

Republican. Accepted Reconstruction policy. President from 1868-1877.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Republican. Supported Progressive movements and approved of Booker T. Washington but did not address Black Civil Rights. President from 1901-1909.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Republican. Took little interest in Civil Rights, believed in States' Rights. President from 1909-1913.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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