Traditonal arguments for God, Religious language/experiences and Good and Evil part 2

  • Created by: kdog101
  • Created on: 25-01-23 15:44
(Griffins Process theology)
Sense of realism in what God can do, and as a fellow sufferer it is comforting.
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(Griffins Process theology)
Denies classical theism, a lack of omnipotence means God is not worthy of worship, of he cannot guarantee anything what is the point?
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Intellectual visions
Seen by eyes of the mind, no image, give spiritual illumination
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Imaginative Visions and example
Have no power to direct, occur in dreams through eye of the mind.
E.g. Angels appearing to Joseph to tell him Herald wants Jesus dead.
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Corporal Visions and example
Empirical(through senses), god seen by means of object, private and limited intractability.
E.g. Benodtte and 18 visions identifying the Virgin Mary
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Numinous by Otto and example
Believes God could be known through sensory/logical experience, features awareness of human nothingness in presences of awesome power-'Mysterium tremendum et fasinen,'- cannot be described, dread of achieving.
E.g. Mosses and the burning bush.
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William James Mystical
Religious experiences are primary with the purpose to allow god to meet individuals. Doesn't see God as omnipotent but finite and one entity. Experiences teach us that end of humanity is union with God.
E.g. Deja vu- takes you beyond normal perception
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William James' 4 critrea
Passivity-Beyond ones control ,Ineffable-Cant be described, Noetic-Gain non-transferable knowledge, Transiency- Cant sustain
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Principle of Credulity Swinburne
Simply- When someone says something is present it is, unless justified reason to repudiate.
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Principle of Testimony Swinburne
Simply- We should believe someone unless justified reason to repudiate. Counter argument by means of physical senses.
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Name one religious experience Challenge
Lack of evidence-While religious experiences may have an effect on a person’s lifestyle & decisions, this is the only evidence they offer empirically & it can hardly be directly linked to the existence & involvement of God- at most supports William James
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Name another religious experience Challenge
Scientist argue a neurological cause which shows up on brain scans, or hallucinations
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Via Negativa
If God transcends all things, humans cannot apply attributes in the affirmative, rather we must in the way of negation in what may not be.
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Symbolism is used to describe the conviction that in all experience there is a duality which is continuously being overcome; that the two worlds of fact and value are not irretrievably opposed; that all knowledge is valid but relative only to a more or le
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Wittgenstein's language games
Sentences must have a purpose to have meaning based of its context usage. Every word we speak is part of a game and family of languages.
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Verification principle: Language is meaningless and weak verification
Cognitivist view, Ayer argues statements like, 'God exists,' are not analytic truths. Does not allow statements that are empirically verifiable such are factually meaningless.
Weak verification- Statements could be considered meaningful even if not practi
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Fails as it is an example of what it argues against- Metaphysical or non-empirically verifiable propositions.
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Falsification principle: Language is meaningless
About refutation, giving stronger basis for scientific knowledge and a non-cognitivist view and deductive reasoning.
Flew- Religious statements are meaningless as they are not factually significant making no genuine claims.
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John Hick-' one cannot falsify a priori statement but one can verify it.'
Doesn't challenge religious belief, Basil argues Flew missed the point God is based on faith.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


(Griffins Process theology)


Denies classical theism, a lack of omnipotence means God is not worthy of worship, of he cannot guarantee anything what is the point?

Card 3


Intellectual visions


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Imaginative Visions and example


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Corporal Visions and example


Preview of the front of card 5
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