Tourism Flashcards

WITHOUT CASE STUDIES

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1. Why is the tourism industry growing?
More disposable income, companies give more paid holidays (more free time), travel become cheeper, holiday providers use the internet to sell there products (cheeper).
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2. Why are some areas becoming more popular than they used to be?
Improvements to transport (quicker and easier - no more week long boat trips to australia), unusual destinations better at marketing themselves, invested in infrastructure for tourism.
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3. Why are tourists attracted to cities?
Culture (museams and art galleries), entertainment (bars, restaurants, theatres) and shopping. London, New york, Paris and Rome.
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4. Why are people attracted to coastal areas?
Beaches and activities like swimming, snorkelling, fishing and water sports. Spain, Caribbean and Thailand.
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5. Why are people attracted to mountain areas?
Scenery, activities like walking, climbing, skiing and snow boarding. Alps.
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6. How is tourism important to countries?
Creates jobs, increases income of other businesses (food supply etc), important to both rich and poor countries, poorer countries more dependant than richer.
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7. Give a statistic about tourism in France.
Generated 35 billion euros in 2006.
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8. Give a statistic about tourism in the Uk compared to kenya.
Contributes to 3% of the UK's GNP and 15% of Kenyas.
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9. How does tourism make a big contribution to the UK economy? Use Stats.
32 million overseas visitors in 2008. Popular because of countryside and historic landmarks, famous churches and cathedrals and castles and palaces. London (Museams) half all visitors. 2007 £114 billion and 1.4 million employed.
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10. What affects the visitors coming to the UK?
Weather - Bad weather can discourage tourists. World Economy - in times of recession people cut back on holidays, more UK people stay though. Exchange rate - value of pound affects tourists. Low = more people. Terroism and conflict - less willing....
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(London bombings 2005). Major events - big events can attract lots of people.
.
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12. What are the six stages of the tourist area life cycle model?
Exploration, Involvement, Development, Consolidation, Stagnation and Rejuvenation or Decline.
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13. Explain Exploration and Involvement.
Exploration - Small numbers are attracted to the area. Involvement - Local people start providing facilities.
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14. Explain development and consolidation.
Development - More and more visitors come as more facilities are built. Control of tourism in the area passes from local to big companies. Consolidation - Tourism still a big part of the local economy, but tourist number are levelling off.
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15. Explain Stagnation, Rejuvenation and Decline.
Stagnation - Visitor numbers have peaked. Facilities no longer as good, negative impact on the local environment. Rejuvenation - If the area is rejuvenated then more visitors will come. Decline - Fewer come as less attractive. Facilities run down.
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16. What is this model also know as?
The Resort Life Cycle Model.
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17. What is mass tourism?
Organised tourism for large numbers of people.
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18. What are the positive and negative economic impacts of mass tourism?
Positive - Brings in money, Creates jobs, increases income of industries that supply tourism. Negative - A lot of profit that is made is kept by teh large travel companies, rather than going to the local economy.
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19. What are the positive and negative impacts of mass tourism?
Positive - Jobs mean young people to stay in area, Improved roads, commuications and infrastructure (also benefit locals), income can be reinvested into local projects. N - Jobs badly paid and seasonal. Traffic conjestion and behaivor of tourists.
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20. What are the positive and negative impacts of mass tourism?
P - Income reinvested in protecting the environment. N - Transporting people releases lots of greenhouse gases, global warming. Increase litter and cause pollution. (Sewage can cause river pollution), destruction of natural habitats (boats and coral)
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21. Give 3 ways to reduce the negative impacts of mass tourism.
Improve public transport encourages to use it, reducing congestion and pollution. Limiting people visiting sensitive environments like coral reefs. Providing bins and helps reduce litter.
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22. What can areas do to keep tourists coming to the area?
Build new facilities or improve existing ones, reduce impacts (litter), advertise and market the area to new tourists, improve transport infrastructure (quick and easy to get there), offer new activities, make it cheaper to visit.
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23. Why are tourists becoming attracted to extreme environments?
Adventure holidays, different and exciting, enjoy the elements of risk and danger, wildlife can only be seen here, scenery can only be seen here.
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24. Why is the tourism increasing in extreme environments?
Improve in transport (quicker and easier), Keen to see places like Antarctica while they get the chance (icecaps melting), quite expensive but more people have disposible income, adventure holidays more popular due to advertising.
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25. What can the problem be of tourism in an extreme environment?
Upset fragile environments and can cause serious problems.
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26. How can tourism affect the environment in the Himalayas?
Deforestation to provide fuel for trekkers, destroys habitats, fewer trees to intercept rain (flooding), hold soil together so can lead to soil erosion, soil washed into rivers - flooding. Toilets poor or non-existant, polluted by sewage.
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27. What is ecotourism and what does it involve?
Tourism that doesnt damage the environment and benefits local people. Involves conservation - protecting and managing the environment and Stewardship - taking responsibility for conserving the environment.
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28. How does conservation and stewardship benefit local people?
It involves them and local organisations.
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29. What activities can ecotourism involve?
Wildlife viewing and walking.
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30. What are the environmental benefits of ecotourism?
Local people encouraged to conserve the environment, only can earn money if environment not damaged. Reduces poaching and hunting. Reduce the use of fossil fuels. Waste is carefully disposed of.
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31. What are the economic benefits of ecotourism?
Better and more sustainable incomes. Ecotourism funds communiy projects like schools, water tanks and health centres.
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32. How does ecotourism help the sustainable development of areas?
Improving the quality of life for people, in the way that doesnt affect people in the future of what they need. Increasing quality of life for people and putting profits into community profits. Without damaging the environment.
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2. Why are some areas becoming more popular than they used to be?

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Improvements to transport (quicker and easier - no more week long boat trips to australia), unusual destinations better at marketing themselves, invested in infrastructure for tourism.

Card 3

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3. Why are tourists attracted to cities?

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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4. Why are people attracted to coastal areas?

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Card 5

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5. Why are people attracted to mountain areas?

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