Geography Flashcards

How are coasts shaped?
By the sea and the actions of waves.
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Waves can be...
Constructive and destructive.
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Destructive waves...
Have a short wave length, are high and steep and erode the coast.
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Constructive waves...
Have a long wave length, are low in height and help build up material on beaches via deposition.
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What is a Settlement?
A settlement is a place where people live.
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The starting point of a glacier.
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Glacial Trough
A u-shaped valley distinctively cut by a glacier with a flat floor and steep sides.
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Pyramidal Peak
A pyramidal peak is formed where three or more corries and arêtes meet.
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An arête is a knife-edge ridge.
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Elongated hills of glacial deposits.
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These are large rocks or boulders that are often found on their own, rather than in piles. They are unusual shapes, unusually large and of a rock type uncommon to the area they have been dumped.
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A wooden barrier built at right angles to the beach which prevents the movement of beach material.
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Rock Armour
Large boulders are piled up on the beach which absorb the energy of waves.
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Beach Management
This replaces beach or cliff material that has been removed by erosion or longshore drift.
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Managed Retreat
Areas of the coast are allowed to erode and flood naturally.
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Hard Engineering
Hard engineering options tend to be expensive, short-term options. They may also have a high impact on the landscape or environment and be unsustainable.
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Soft Engineering
Soft engineering options are often less expensive than hard engineering options. They are usually more long-term and sustainable, with less impact on the environment.
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Ecotourism is a type of sustainable development.
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Population Distribution
The way in which people are spread across a given area.
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Population Density
Population density is the average number of people per square kilometre.
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Advantages Of Tourism...
Tourism provides employment and income for local people, people choose to stay in the area which maintains essential services and services set up for tourists such a leisure facilities can also be used by locals.
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Problems Of Tourism...
Employment can be seasonal with low wages, housing prices can rise and heavy traffic causes pollution and traffic congestion.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Waves can be...


Constructive and destructive.

Card 3


Destructive waves...


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Constructive waves...


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is a Settlement?


Preview of the front of card 5
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this is not at all helpful

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