Topic 2: class differences in achievement (2) internal factors

  • Created by: zobia 08
  • Created on: 27-04-18 21:02
What is labelling?
To label someone is to attach a meaning or definition to them.
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Howard Becker (1971)
Carried out an important internationalist study of labelling. He found that they judged pupils according to how closely they fitted an image of the 'ideal pupil'.
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What do Mairead Dune and Louise Gazeley (2008) argue?
They argue that schools persistently produce working class underachievement because of the labels and assumptions of the teachers.
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Ray Rist's (1970) study
From his study he found the teacher used information about the children's home background and appearance to place them in separate groups.
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What is a self-fulfilling prophecy?
A self fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that comes true simply by virtue of it having been made.
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What is streaming?
Streaming involves separating children into different ability groups or classes called 'streams'.
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What is a pupil sub-culture?
A pupil sub-culture is a group of pupils who share similar values and behaviour patterns. They often emerge as a response to the way pupils have been labelled, and in particular as a reaction to streaming.
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What is differentiation?
It is the process of teaching categorising pupils according to how they perceive their ability, attitude and or behaviour.
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What is polarisation?
It is the process in which pupils respond to streaming by moving towards one of two opposite 'poles' or extremes.
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David Hargreves (1967)
Found a similar response to labelling and streaming in a secondary modern school.
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John Furlong (1984)
Observes many pupils are not committed permanently to any one response, but may move between different types of response, acting differently in lessons with different teachers.
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What is habitus?
This refers to the dispositions or learned, taken for granted ways of thinking, being and acting that are shared by a particular social class.
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Sarah Evans (2009)
Studied a group of 21 working class girls from a South London comprehensive studying for their A Levels. She found that they were reluctant to apply to elite universities and that the few that did apply felt a sense of hidden barriers, not fitting in
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Boudieu (1984)
According to him many working class people think of places like Oxbridge as being 'not for the like of us'.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Howard Becker (1971)

Back

Carried out an important internationalist study of labelling. He found that they judged pupils according to how closely they fitted an image of the 'ideal pupil'.

Card 3

Front

What do Mairead Dune and Louise Gazeley (2008) argue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Ray Rist's (1970) study

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a self-fulfilling prophecy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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