Theory 6: Art Aesthetic is in the Mind

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  • Created by: Josephine
  • Created on: 25-05-15 16:55
There are 4 psychological theories of aesthetics:
Universals, Hedonics, Transcendence and Aesthetics, Information Processing Theories
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1) Universal Neuro-Theories: Art is in Mind
Art activates universal brain responses that lead to aesthetic response. Parallelism= Aesthetic properties of visual art parallel principles of brain organisation (Zeki,1999)
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1) Universal Neuro-Theories: Art is in Mind
Artists know how represent information and consciously omit things we dont need to process (Cavanagh,2005). Related to notion of sparse coding: recognition is driven by minimal info needed to discriminate objects.
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Universal: Fluency Theory
Beauty is simplification of the world thus making its perception simple. We enjoy when easy to understand. Simple perception leads to pleasure. E.g. David Hockney: line drawings of the 70's, everyday people.
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2) Hedonics: Psychological Perspectives on Art Experience
Psychological feeling of pleasure or displeasure. When appraising objects, events places etc. Positive emotions related to liking but distinct from interest.
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Hedonica: Applied to Art
When applied to art object, same as aesthetic evaluation. Interest, Leder,2004: interest to solve the art puzzle drives cognition, when a solution found gives rise to positive affective state.
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3) Transcendence
Very psychological concept. In modern day has been translated into mindfulness. Its a very Kantian idea, concept of the 60/70's referring to positive feelings of going beyond everyday life, forgetful of time and self. Disengage from our bodies and
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Transcendence
current world, become very internal. Kantian notion of beauty and free play.
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Transcendence: Not Self-referential
mind wandering as often experienced in depression. It's the opposite, transcendence when nothing to do with yourself.
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Transcendence: Flow (1975)
Said that it's an intense feeling of focus, achievement and competence when engaged in activity. Seems to involve right brain activities to allow us to float away.
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Transcendence: Maslow
Said it's like peak experience (1968) feelings of positive absorption.
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Transcendence: Kahneman Peak End Effect
Peak feeling and feeling at the end are combined to create an evaluation of an event. Useful in advertisements, customer service. Want peak and end to both be positive.
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Transcendence: Teesdale (1999)
Took this idea and called it mindfulness. Feelings of spiritual connectedness. Feeling of belonging has positive effect on body and mind.
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1) Universal Neuro-Theories: Art is in Mind

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Art activates universal brain responses that lead to aesthetic response. Parallelism= Aesthetic properties of visual art parallel principles of brain organisation (Zeki,1999)

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1) Universal Neuro-Theories: Art is in Mind

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Universal: Fluency Theory

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2) Hedonics: Psychological Perspectives on Art Experience

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