Theories of Attention

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  • Created by: jmichel
  • Created on: 15-05-16 10:51
Cocktail Party Effect
People can focus on one voice when there are many voices in one room
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Dichotic Listening
test commonly used to investigate selective attention within the auditory system
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speech shadow
repeat message from one ear ignore the other
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Broadbent filter theory
early selection; 3 phases: channels bridges info into a buffer zone, info passed through filter which chooses stimuli, chosen stimuli further processed
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Attention stages
sensory registration; perceptual processing; response selection
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change blindness
Differences between two newly identical scenes not noticed
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change blindness expl. 1
eye mouvement actively surpasses perception
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change blindness expl. 2
rapid eye movement created blur on retina
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Inattentional blindness
involvement in attentional recourses causes missing of obvious event
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subliminal priming
the stimulations on the unconscious and it increases the probability of later occurrence as well as the related cognitive tasks
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Broadbent model
1. info enters sentry buffer; 2. one input is selected for further processing, filter prevent overloading
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evaluation of broadbent model
conto explain cocktail party effect; not possible to hear name; sometimes we hear from unattended channels
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late selection model
1. stimuli received 2.filter applied before selection and memory
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attenuator model
perception has limited capacity but all stimuli are perceived up to the capacity limit
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

test commonly used to investigate selective attention within the auditory system

Back

Dichotic Listening

Card 3

Front

repeat message from one ear ignore the other

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

early selection; 3 phases: channels bridges info into a buffer zone, info passed through filter which chooses stimuli, chosen stimuli further processed

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

sensory registration; perceptual processing; response selection

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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