The Weimar Constitution

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 28-09-14 12:10
What was the first Weimar Coalition called and when?
'The Great Coalition' in January 1919
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What three parties was in this coalition?
The Centre- the German Catholic Party, the SPD, the Social Democratic Party and the DDP, the German Democratic Party
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Where did this National Assembly meet and why?
In Weimar to avoid the riots in Berlin
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Which party provided both the President and the Chancellor and why?
The SPD as thye recieved the majority of the votes with 38%
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Who was the first President of the Reich and what wing is he?
Ebert- left wing but not extreme
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Who was the first Reich Chancellor?
Scheidemann
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What is the Reichstag?
The lower, but more important, house of the legislature or law making body
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How were members of the Reichstag elected?
Elected for four years at a time by proportional representation
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What are the advantages of proportional representation?
It is very fair- the percentage of votes you get is the number of seats you get so the majority of parties get heard,
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What are the disadvanatages of proportional representation?
To allow smaller, more extreme parties like Hitler, to influence it. Also, it can lead to coalition governments which are weak as they dont agree with one another,
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From January 1919 to March 1933, how many coalitions, chancellors and elections had there been?
18 coalitions, 13 chancellors and 9 elections
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What article was the Chancellor under when elected and what does it mean?
Article 54 which meant the chancellor had to resign if the Reichstag lost confidence in them,
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How is the President elected and for how long?
They are elected for seven years by the electorate- All Germans over the age of 20
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What article you the president use and what did this mean?
Article 48 which meant the President could use emergency powers to pass laws without going though the Reichstag in times of emergency
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What was the disadvantage of this?
It gave the president too much power
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What political system does Germay follow and what does it mean?
Federal system which means states have their own power so control education, police etc but the central government have the main power,
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What three parties was in this coalition?

Back

The Centre- the German Catholic Party, the SPD, the Social Democratic Party and the DDP, the German Democratic Party

Card 3

Front

Where did this National Assembly meet and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which party provided both the President and the Chancellor and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was the first President of the Reich and what wing is he?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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