The Ruhr Occupation 1923

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 28-09-14 17:07
WHat caused the French and the Belgians to 'occupy' the Ruhr?
In january, Germany defaulted on a repration payment which involved timber not being delievered
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WHy could France 'occupy' the Ruhr?
Due to tge Treaty of Versailles as if Germany dont pay their reperations, France can invade the Ruhr and use its coal fields as reperations,
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France feared invasion by Germany. When she was debating the terms of the T ov V, what did she want created between her and Germany?
A seperate state consisting of the Rhineland where the Ruhr is located and which bordered France,
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Although GB and the US disagreed with this, what did they guarantee? Which one then let it lapse and when?
They guranteed the French support in case of any future German attack, however this lapsed in 1920 due the the US senate
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What was the France's aim at the occupation of the Ruhr?
To weaken Germany in short term but long term by staying in the ruhr and using their materials
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What were the effects on Germany?
All reprations stopped as they couldnt pay for it, Ruhr workers went on strike and hyper inflation began,
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How was hyper-inflation casued?
The Government printed money to resolve the compensation of striking workers,
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What German currency resulted in hyper-inflation?
the Mark
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In January 1923, how many marks was worth one dollar?
10,000 marks
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In Septmber 1923, how many marks was worth one dollar?
98 million marks
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What people suffered due to hyperinflation?
People on fixed incomes and with savings so mainly middle class
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What did hyperinfaltion cause on the German society?
Chaos, there was rioting, looting and everyone was pank
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What was the new coalition called in the autumn of 1923 with which parties and who led it?
the 'Grand Coalition' with the SDP, DDP, Centre Party and the People's party and was led by Gustav Stresemann
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What did Stresemann do to try and sort out the mess?
He ended the policy of passie resistance in the Ruhr,
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What did the occupation of the Ruhr lead to?
Calls for dictatorship from the right, plan for Communist uprisings from the left and a failed Munich Putsch
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

WHy could France 'occupy' the Ruhr?

Back

Due to tge Treaty of Versailles as if Germany dont pay their reperations, France can invade the Ruhr and use its coal fields as reperations,

Card 3

Front

France feared invasion by Germany. When she was debating the terms of the T ov V, what did she want created between her and Germany?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Although GB and the US disagreed with this, what did they guarantee? Which one then let it lapse and when?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the France's aim at the occupation of the Ruhr?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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