The Role of Hitler in the Nazi Dictatorship

  • Created by: LucyLaa
  • Created on: 20-05-18 17:28
How did propaganda portray Hitler?
Messiah, father-figure, no opposition, structured/ordered government, traditional
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Why was Hitler's personality problematic to effective leadership?
Lazy, neurotic, moody, not well-educated, no experience in government, no real working routine, loathed paperwork and committees
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Why was Hitler effective?
Still responsible for overall Nazi dream; No effective government; Idea of 'working towards the Fuhrer'
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Why was 'working towards the Fuhrer' so beneficial to government?
People were afraid of disappointing him, but also knew that they would be rewarded for good work --> created competition
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What is the civil service?
A group of committed employees working for the state e.g. officials, judges etc.
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What did civil servants have to swear, and why was this important?
An oath of loyalty -> Supports Hitler as leader, not the state, so will uphold Nazi ideals in their work
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What happened to the Reichstag after 1933?
It lost its proper role and and rarely met --> used to show support for the regime and renew the Enabling Act every 4 years
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What happened to the Reich Chancellery after 1933?
Most laws were drawn up by Chancellery officials. They continued to take direction form Hitler, but would often act independently from other official directives.
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Who was Head of the Reich Chancellery?
Hans Heinrich Lammers -> Hitler's chief legal advisor and key link between ministers in the RC and Hitler
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What happened to the Foreign Office after 1933?
Initially remained intact, but later fell into disuse. The majority was conducted outside the office by individual Nazis e.g. Goerring, Goebbels, and Ribbentrop
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Who was Martin Bormann?
Second most powerful man in Germany. Hitler's secretary who headed new Party Chancellery whilst Hitler dealt with war. He cut Hitler off from more cautious options
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What were the Gauleiters?
Regional party bases
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What was the order of government on a local level?
Hitler -> Gauleiters -> Kreis -> Ortsgruppe -> Zelle -> Block
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What happened to the Cabinet after 1933?
It was retained but lost its purpose and became unimportant. Nazis increased in presence.
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Who was Rudolph Hess?
He held multiple positions in the party and held great access to Hitler, although he had very limited influence, especially during the war where Bormann's influence overshadowed him.
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Why was the judiciary essentially kept the same?
Most accomodated to the regime and interpreted the law according to Nazi ideals, and the German Lawyer's Front swore an oath to Hitler. They did get increasingly bypassed by the 'People's Court' and 'Special Courts'.
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Why was the army not re-organised until 1938?
Hitler was still worried about it as a rival until he was secure enough to exploit scandals against military men in order to replace them.
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Who was the commander-in-chief of the army?
Hitler
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Who held more importance in the running of Nazi Germany: Hitler or the Institutions of the State?
Could argue both ways due to 'working towards the Fuhrer' --> Institutions often had limited power, but Reich Chancellery had the most control. Without Hitler, and the idea of the Nazi dream, certain individuals and institutions would be unable to.
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Why was Hitler's personality problematic to effective leadership?

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Lazy, neurotic, moody, not well-educated, no experience in government, no real working routine, loathed paperwork and committees

Card 3

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Why was Hitler effective?

Back

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Card 4

Front

Why was 'working towards the Fuhrer' so beneficial to government?

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Card 5

Front

What is the civil service?

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