Establishment of Nazi's 1933-1939

View mindmap
  • Establishment of Nazi's Review
    • How did Hitler consolidate his power?
      • Reichstag Fire - Feb 1933; blamed communists; started by a Dutch anarchist
      • March 1933 Elections- Nazis had 288 seats; Used SA to intimidate opponents; chose nationalists to gain majority
      • The enabling act 1933- Enables one party state; dismantled Weimar republic, Hitler could pass laws
      • Gleichschatung- Nazification of German society; created Nazi state governments; Political parties dissolved
      • Night of long Knives- Hitler ordered SA members to be shot; over 200 killed, SA limited
      • Death of Hindenburg- died on 2nd August 1934; Hitler able to become Fuhrer; established dictatorship
    • Nazi Government
      • Role of Hitler-Impression of being a dynamic leader; but he didnt co-ordinate; decisions based on informal conversations
      • Administration- limits to Nazi power as state institutions remained; Reich chancellory found it difficult; wasnt designed to govern
      • Censorship& Propoganda- Culture had to represent Nazi values, broadcasting under Nazi control, Goebbles head of propaganda
      • Machinary of terror- Gestapo, **, concentrationcamps
    • Opposition to Nazi Policies
      • Communists used Red Orchastra to spy on Nazi regime
      • Social Democrats produced pamphlets and used an underground network
      • Hitler Youth  opposition groups created I.e swing youth
      • Treatment to opposition
        • SD's arrested
        • Gestapo infiltrated Red Orchestra network
        • Overall limited resistance due to terror and economic miracle
    • Nazi Religious policy
      • Opposition- protestant Bishops arrested for opposing; Catholics agreed to stay out of politics; Nazi's closed church schools
      • German Faith Movement- Sought to remove Germany away from Christianity;only 5% following; Belief of cult of Hitler's personality
    • Nazi Economic Policy
      • Public work- Schleicher scheme; unemployed men 18-25; built roads, schools, hospitals
      • Schact's new plan- gov control over trade and tariffs; trade treaties; German pucrhase's made by Reichmarks
        • Strength through Joy- get workers support and economic development; offered benefits; only to loyal workers
      • Goring 4 year plan- aim to increase war production; increase agriculture and industrial imports; large plants built
      • Conscription & rearmament- introduced to help unemployment; caused food shortages; discontent amongst working class
      • German labour front- replaced trade unions; higher wages demand silenced; Nazi control
    • Woman and Youth
      • Women- Kinder, Kuche, Kirche; Mother's cross; No makeup/heels; interest free loans
        • National socialist womanhood, German womans enterprise
      • Youth- Hitler youth organisation promoted unity of german people, woman taught how to cook, clean, mothering, boys taught how to fight and prepare for military
        • Schools- emphasis on Nazi subjects, RE removed, under control of Reich ministry
    • Nazi racial policy
      • Jewish population- sent to camps, businesses boycotted, Citizenship act; jew curfew, 17,000 polish jews expelled from Germnay
      • Other groups- Gypsies, disabled, homosexuals, criminals; euthanasia campaign; 350,000 men sterilized from 1934
    • Did ordinary Germans benefit from Nazi rule
      • Industrial workers- wages were slow and hours long, unemployed got no benefits; no trade unions
      • Farmers- price controls; farmers left; Nazi's ignored agricultural investment
      • Small businesses- had to compete with big businesses; gov wrote off debt; wages were low
      • Big businesses- helped by Nazi's; forced to invest in research materials; manager wage rose


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Democracy and Dictatorships in Germany 1919-1963 resources »