The Role of Education Flashcards

Functionalism: According to Durkheim, what two basic functions does education perform?
Social Solidarity and preparing young people for work
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Functionalism: According to Parsons, what does education perform?
Secondary socialisation which prepares them for wider society and meritocracy which provides students with equal opportunities.
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Functionalism: According to Davis and Moore, what is the main function of education?
Role allocation: The selection and allocation of students to prepare for their future work roles.
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Functionalism: What does 'Human Capital Theory' mean?
A meritocratic education system is the best way to develop skilled workforce and thus greater economic efficiency and high living standards.
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Functionalism: What does Marxists argue against functionalism?
Values transmitted by education are not society's shared values, but rather those of the ruling class.
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Functionalism: What does Interactionists sat about the functionalist view of socialisation?
They believe that socialisation is too deterministic. Not all pupils passively accept school culture or values.
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Neo-Lib: What do Neo-liberists say is the key idea of education
The state should not provide education. A free-market economy encourages competition and drives up school standards. Schools should be more like businesses and operate in an education market.
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The New Right: What are the key ideas of the education system?
ONE SIZE DOES NOT FIT ALL. The education system does not meet all pupils needs.
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The New Right: What does TNR say is the solution to the education system?
Marketisation. Creating an education market forces schools to respond to the pupils, parents and employers needs. For example, competition with other schools means that teachers have to be more efficient.
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The New Right: How can you link Marketisation to Educational policies?
Formula Funding: The more students there are in a school, the more money they get thus raising their standards.
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The New Right: What does giving the consumer choice mean?
To introduce a market system within state education. Give control to parents and local communities and should be done via voucher system where each family would be given a voucher to spend on buying education from a school of their choice.
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The New Right: How does TNR want to reduce the state's role in education?
1. Create framwork for competition e.g. publishing league tables of exam results and setting a National Curriculum. 2. Ensure schools transmit society's shared culture that emphasises on a shared national identity e.g. teaching British history.
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The New Right: What do Marxists argue against TNR perspective?
Education imposes the culture of a ruling class, not a shared culture or 'national identity'
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The New Right Evaluation: Why is it that there are low standards in some state schools?
It is the result of inadequate funding rather than the state control of education.
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The New Right Evaluation: What does Gewirtz say about the middle class?
Competition between the schools benefit the middle class who can get their children into better schools
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Marxism: What is the main idea on education?
The education system benefits the ruling class and reproduces class inequality.
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Marxism: What does Althusser mean by the 'Represssive State Apparatus'?
The state using force to repress the working class via police.
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Marxism: What does Althusser mean by the 'Ideological State Apparatus'?
Controlling people's ideas, valuyes and beliefs.
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Marxism: What two functions does the education system prfoem as an ISA?
1. Reproduction within education by failing each generation of working class pupills and working at the same job as parents. 2. Legitimises class inequality, education convinces people the inequality is inevitible.
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Marxism:What does Bowles and Gintis mean by the Correspondence Principle?
Eduction mirrors/corresponds to those of work. e.g. heirarchy.
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Marxism:What does Bowles and Gintis mean by the Hidden Curriculum?
The Correspondence Principle operates though the hidden curriculum. Being teaching pupils to accept heirarchy and competition.
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Marxism: Why does Bowles and Ginti argue in the Myth of Meritocracy?
Success is based on class backgrounds, not ability of educational success. The myth of meritocracy persuades working to accept inequality and their subordinate position as legitmate.
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Marxism: Why does Bowles and Gintis reject the functionalist claim in role allocation?
Research shows that it was obedient students who got the best results not those who were creative thinkers. The education system rewards those who conform to the qualities of required of the future workforce.
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Marxism:What does Willis mean by 'the counter-school culture'?
The lads formed a counter culture opposed to the school. e.g. truanting.
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Marxism Evaluation: What do Post Modernists argue against Marxists?
Marixsm is out of date. The correspondence principle no longer operates. Class divisions ar no longer important in a Post-fordist economic system that is now more diverse and fragmented.
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Marxism Evaluation: What do Feminists argue?
School also reproduces patriarchy. Females are not present in Willis' study.
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Marxism Evaluation: How do Marxists disagree amongst themselves?
They assume that pupils passively accept indoctrination. Willi shows how pupils may resist school and yet still end up in working class jobs.
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Marxism Evaluation: How does Willis romanticise the lads?
By representing them as working class heroes despite their anti-social behaviour and sexist attitudes.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Functionalism: According to Parsons, what does education perform?

Back

Secondary socialisation which prepares them for wider society and meritocracy which provides students with equal opportunities.

Card 3

Front

Functionalism: According to Davis and Moore, what is the main function of education?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Functionalism: What does 'Human Capital Theory' mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Functionalism: What does Marxists argue against functionalism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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