The Renal System

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Anterior
Front
1 of 22
Bifurication
Dividing into two branches
2 of 22
Calyces
Small, funnel-shaped cavities formed from the renal pelvis
3 of 22
Diuresis
Excess urine production
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Excretion
The elimination of waste products of metabolism
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Erythropoietin
Hormone produced by the kidneys that regulates red blood cell production
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Filtration
A passive transport system
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Glomerulus
A network of capillaries found in the Bowman's Capsule
8 of 22
Hilus
A small, indented part of the kidney
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Kidneys
Organs situated in the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity
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Nephron
Functional unit of the kidney
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Posterior
Behind
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Renal Artery
Blood vessel that takes blood to the kidney
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Renal Cortex
The outermost part of the kidney
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Renal Medulla
The middle layer of the kidney
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Renal Pelvis
The funnel-shaped section of the kidney
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Renal Pyramids
Cone-shaped structures of the medulla
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Renal Vein
Blood vessel that returns filtered blood into circulation
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Renin
A renal hormone that alters systemic blood pressure
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Sphincter
A ring-like muscle fibre that can constrict
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Ureter
Membranous tube that drains urine from the kidneys to the bladder
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Urethra
Muscular tube that drains urine from the bladder
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Dividing into two branches

Back

Bifurication

Card 3

Front

Small, funnel-shaped cavities formed from the renal pelvis

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Excess urine production

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The elimination of waste products of metabolism

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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