the foot and ankle

what type of foot arrangement do humans have
plantargrade
1 of 48
what type do dogs and deer have
digitigrade and unguligrade
2 of 48
what is another name for the subtalar joint
talocalcaneal joint - produces inversion/eversion (gliding)
3 of 48
what is this joint articulation between
the talus and the calcaneus
4 of 48
what bones articulate in the talocrural joint
the malleolus of the tibia and fibula with the talus - produces plantar flexion
5 of 48
name the 4 lateral ligaments
posterior talofibular, anterior talofibular, anterior tibiofibular, calcanealfibular
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name the 4 medial ligaments
anterior tibiotalar, posterior tibiotalar, tibiocalcaneal, tibionavicular
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what is the general name for these ligaments
deltoid ligament
8 of 48
which direction is the ankle most stable in
eversion, therefore most sprains are inversion
9 of 48
name the tarsals from medial to lateral
naviclar, medial/intermediate/lateal cuneiforms, cuboid
10 of 48
what type of joint is the calcanealcuboid
ball and socket
11 of 48
and the talonavicular?
gliding
12 of 48
the tarsometatarsals and intermetatarsals?
gliding
13 of 48
metatarsophalangeal?
condyloid
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what do the plantar arches aid in
allow the foot to rock and transmit weight
15 of 48
medial longitudinal arch goes from where
calcaneus to 1st metatarsal
16 of 48
lateral longitudinal arch
calcaneus to 5th metatarsal
17 of 48
transverse arch
formed by metatarsal bones
18 of 48
what does the plantar fascia aid in
plantar felxion
19 of 48
difference between pronation and supination/ inversion and eversion
pronation made of: dorsiflexion, eversion, toe abduction. Supination is plantar flexion, inversion, toe adduction
20 of 48
what order are these in when walking
pronation then supination
21 of 48
tibialis anterior o (main dorsiflexor)
lateral condyle of tibia
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i
medial surface of medial cuneiform
23 of 48
a
dorsiflexion and inversion
24 of 48
extensor digitorum longus o
upper 2/3 anterior fibula, lateral condyle of tibia
25 of 48
i
all phalanges except halux
26 of 48
a
extension of toes, dorsiflexion, eversion
27 of 48
extensor hallucis longus
medial aspect 2/3 of fibula
28 of 48
i
base of distal phalanx of halux
29 of 48
a
extension of halux, dorsiflexion, weak inversion
30 of 48
gastrocnemius o
medial head - popliteal surface of femur, lateral head - lateral condyle and posterior surface of femur
31 of 48
i
calcaneus
32 of 48
a
knee flexion, plantar flexion
33 of 48
soleus o
posterior surface of proximal fibula and 2/3 of tibia
34 of 48
i
calcaneus
35 of 48
a
stability in standing and plantar flexion
36 of 48
tibialis posterior o (controls the foot arch)
posterior surface of interosseus membrane
37 of 48
i
plantar surface of tarsals and metatarsals
38 of 48
a
inversion and plantar flexion
39 of 48
flexor digitorum longus o
medial 2/3 posterior surface of tibia
40 of 48
i
base of distal phalanges except halux
41 of 48
a
flexion of toes, plantar flexion, inversion
42 of 48
flexor hallucis longus o
lower 2/3 posterior fibula
43 of 48
i
base of halux phalanx
44 of 48
a
hallux flexion, plantar flexion, inversion
45 of 48
peritoneus longus and brevis o
longus - lateral surface of fibula head, short - mid 2/3 fibula
46 of 48
i
longus - plantar surface of medial cuneiform and hallux, brevis - tuberosity of MT5
47 of 48
a
eversion, plantar flexion
48 of 48

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what type do dogs and deer have

Back

digitigrade and unguligrade

Card 3

Front

what is another name for the subtalar joint

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is this joint articulation between

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what bones articulate in the talocrural joint

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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