The Early Cold War (1945-59)

  • Created by: JessB46
  • Created on: 14-10-16 19:43
Who were the three leaders at the Yalta Conference?
Roosevelt (US), Stalin (USSR) and Churchill (UK)
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When was the Conference held?
February 1945
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What was the aim of the Conference?
To decide what to do with Germany after the War
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What countries got a zone in Germany?
Britain, France. USA and USSR
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How would liberated countries choose their government?
Voting/elections
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What did the big 3 disagree on at Yalta?
What to do with Poland's borders
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Stalin promised not to invade which country?
Greece
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When was the Potsdam Conference?
July 1945
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Who were the leaders at Potsdam?
Stalin (USSR), Truman (USA - replaced Roosevelt after his death) and Atlee (UK - replaced Churchill after Churchill lost the elections)
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What main things had changed since the last conference?
Change of leaders for USA and UK, USA tested the atomic bomb and Stalin's armies were occupying most of Eastern Europe
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What was agreed at Potsdam?
Nazi Party was to be banned, Germans that had fled would be moved back to Germany, Poland borders to be moved and Germany would be divided as agreed
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What did the leaders disagree on at Potsdam?
What to do with Germany, Stalin wanted to take over Eastern Europe with Soviet Policy
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What are the features of Capitalism?
Democracy, trade and industry owned by private companies
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What are the features of Communism?
All property owned by Government, equal pay for everyone, dictatorship,
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What was the impact on the Cold War of dropping the atomic bomb?
Stalin felt betrayed and thought he could not trust the Capitalists, Stalin wanted a bomb
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How did the USSR 'liberate' Eastern Europe?
Rigged elections, civil wars and use of the army
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What was the Fulton Speech?
Also known as the Iron Curtain speech, Churchill said Communism is trying to take over
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What was the impact of the Fulton Speech?
Stalin took it as a threat of war and decided that they were no longer allies
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What was the Truman Doctrine?
The theory of containment which meant to prevent Communism spreading further
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What was the Marshall Plan?
Giving money to countries that needed it
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What was the point of the Marshall Plan?
Truman thought that communism would most likely spread to where there was misery and giving money to them would make them happy.
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Why was Stalin worried about West Germany?
As Britain and USA combined their zones and made Brizonia. He thought this was a threat to Soviet security
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What did Stalin do to prevent the threats from West Germany?
He put a blockade on the West in 1948 which he hoped would slow down the economic growth of the country
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How did the Allies respond to the Berlin Blockade?
They sent supplies over to West Berlin by air for about a year
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What was NATO?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed to ensure that Stalin did not attack Capitalist Countries
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How did Stalin react to NATO?
He created the Warsaw Pact which was the Communist equivalent of NATO
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Why were USA to blame for increasing tension in the Cold War?
They used the Atomic Bomb without telling Stalin, Truman was anti-communist, they did not give USSR reparations, they took half of Berlin
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Why were the USSR to blame for increasing tension in the Cold War?
They wanted to spread Communism, they wanted a lot of reparations, they wanted Soviet Policy in Europe, they wanted to rival USA's Nuclear Power
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Conference held?

Back

February 1945

Card 3

Front

What was the aim of the Conference?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What countries got a zone in Germany?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How would liberated countries choose their government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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