Textiles fibres

Staple
a short fibre/ yarn
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filamant
a long and continues fibre/ yarn
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synthetic fibres
produced from raw materials is petrochemical or coal.
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microfibres
60 times finer than a human hair. can be blended with other fibres. thermoplastic. uses sportswear and underwear
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acrylic
warm, easy to wash (non absorbent), thermoplatic, handle like wool, durable and crease resistant
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nylon
strong, easy to wash (poor absorbency), thermoplastic, feels cool and smooth, melts is not heat reisitant. can be damaged by sunlight whch discolours it and weakness it. not alwaycomfortable
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polyester
strong, stronger when wet, easy to wash (poor absorbency) thermoplastic, feels coll and smooth, melts is not heat resistant, resistant to stretching and shrinking and recyclable
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Elastane
strong, easy to wash (poor absorbency), stretchy, resists chamical and perspiration and sun light and melts is not heat resistant
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cotton
strong, durable, easy to care for, not very creases resistant, uses a lot of water to grow so organic cotton is better
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linen/ flax plant
creases easily, absorbent, durable, strong interlining, uses table cloths, skirts, shirt, suits, ropes.
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Ramie
fine like silk. uses clothing, table cloths, napkins and hand kerchiefs
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Hemp
natural fibre from the hemp stalk is extremely durable and can be used in the production of textiles. clothing canvas, rope, card-aye, archival grade paper, paper and construction materials
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sisal
used as a replacement for silk but is a long process to make the fibres so fine. uses rope, dresses
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wool
has scales on the surface which cause the fibres to shrink when rubbed or heated. the crimps in the fibre give it a slight stretch and helps it to insulate absorbent, flame resistant and crease resistant.
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llama
fibre can be white, tan and brown, stronger than most wool fibres fine scale structure. used for luxury textiles items.
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cashmere
is known for it's extreme softness, warmth and lustrous quality, a result of it extremely fine fibre.
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camel hair
strong lustrous and smooth warm and light weight. best qualities are pure camel hair, other grades are blended with wool, which still make a very high quality fabric and much lower quality are blended with synthetic fibres expensive.
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angora
very soft, good alternative to wool some moral issues, thermal insulator.
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silk
only natural fibre that is a filament fibre, expensive, moral issuse,fine , lustre, strongest natural fibre, absorbent, can keep warm and cool.
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asbestos
it tensile strenght surpasses that of steel. it has tremendous thermal stability, thermal and electrical resistances and is non flamble .
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pvc (chlorofibre) (polyvinly)
strong, flexible, durable, water proof, can be wiped clean, can be heat set. uses wipes clean tablecloths, bags, coats.
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Rayon/viscose
addition strength, texture or additional of a high moister absorbency, viscose is chemically similar to those of cotton, viscose fibres are fairly week and best when blended with other fibres
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lyocell
cellulose fibre, biodegradable, strongest cellulose fibre when it is dry, drapes well very soft, hard wearing, dye well.
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modal
stronger when wet, abrasion resistant yet soft to handle has good drape properties. extremely absorbent and breathable which combine to make garments made from the fibre comfortable
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

filamant

Back

a long and continues fibre/ yarn

Card 3

Front

synthetic fibres

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

microfibres

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

acrylic

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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