Introduction to Bast Fibres
- Bast fibres/skin fibres are plant fibres collected from the phloem/bast/skin (the 'inner bark') surrounding the stem of certain plants.
- Some bast fibres are cultivated, such as flax, hemp and ramie. Bast fibres can also come from wild plants like stinging nettles and lime trees.
- Often, bast fibres have higher tensile strength than other cellulosic fibres and are used in high quality textiles (sometimes blended with cotton or synthetic fibres).
- Ropes and burlap are examples of products produced from bast fibres.
- Bast fibres contain structure called a fibre node that represents a weak point in the fibre. Fibre nodes are only present in bast fibres.
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Examples of Bast Fibres
- Flax (linen)
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Uses of Bast Fibres
- Bast fibres are processed for use in:
- Geotextiles (netting or matting)
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Bast from Stem to Yarn
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