TB5 Lecture 1; The Self and the Other

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 21-05-15 18:09

1. What was William James' view of the Self?

  • The self = the soul (immaterial) which controls the 'machine' of the body through the pineal gland.
  • The self as a reconciliation of unconcious forces that govern our behaviour.
  • There are 3 types of self, it's constituents (The material/spiritual self), the feelings and emotions they arouse (self-feelings e.g self-dissatisfaction/complacency) and self-actions, the actions to which they prompt e.g self-preservation
  • The mediation of basic instincts and drives through the pineal gland which houses the 'essence' of the self
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2. What is the main point(s) of the "Self as an illusion" argument?

  • We do not have a self at all, rather we have drives that are constrained by biology or societal norms. The 'self' is a post-hoc rationalisation of the chosen path
  • The self is fiction and is used to give a narrative to random behaviour of humans.
  • The self is outside the body and therefore does not materially exist, however it governs our drives and thoughts
  • The 'self' is purely physiological and is the combination and reconciliation of X drives.

3. How does fMRI work?

  • Detects amount of blood in one area of the brain, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
  • Detects haemoglobin levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
  • Detects iron levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
  • Detects K+ levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.

4. How is the independent self different from the interdependent self?

  • The independent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, interdependent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
  • The interdependent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, independent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
  • The independent self is a capitalist perspective and the interdependent a socialist one.
  • The interdependent self is a capitalist perspective and the independent a socialist one.

5. What is Markus and Kityama's view on the self?

  • A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.
  • A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.
  • An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.
  • The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.

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