TB5 Lecture 1; The Self and the Other

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 21-05-15 18:09

1. What was Freud's view of the Self?

  • There are 3 types of self, it's constituents (The material/spiritual self), the feelings and emotions they arouse (self-feelings e.g self-dissatisfaction/complacency) and self-actions, the actions to which they prompt e.g self-preservation
  • The self = the soul (immaterial) which controls the 'machine' of the body through the pineal gland.
  • The self as a reconciliation of unconscious forces that govern our concious experience. These are the Superego (internalisation of cultural norms), Ego (mediation of ID and reality) and ID (basic drives) which are in unconscious conflict.
  • The mediation of basic instincts and drives through the pineal gland which houses the 'essence' of the self
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2. What is a quesar experiment?

  • An experiment with a longitudinal non-direct design, used for abstract variables e.g the self that can't be 'switched on/off'
  • An experiment with a correlational design, used for abstract variables e.g the self that can't be 'switched on/off'
  • A naturalistic experiment where variables such as the Self can be measured

3. What did a study by Kross et al (2013) find?

  • There is no correlation between facebook use, affect or life staisfaction
  • Facebook use predicts declines in affect and life satisfaction over time
  • Facebook use predicts increases in affect and life satisfaction over time

4. What is an issue with Freud's theory of the Self?

  • There are no categories, but an interplay of factors
  • Not very empirical, there is an interplay of factors created without evidence to check credibility.
  • The categories that he states are incorrect
  • His method for devising this theory was empirical but poorly controlled leading to an incorrect theory

5. What was William James' view of the Self?

  • There are 3 types of self, it's constituents (The material/spiritual self), the feelings and emotions they arouse (self-feelings e.g self-dissatisfaction/complacency) and self-actions, the actions to which they prompt e.g self-preservation
  • The self as a reconciliation of unconcious forces that govern our behaviour.
  • The mediation of basic instincts and drives through the pineal gland which houses the 'essence' of the self
  • The self = the soul (immaterial) which controls the 'machine' of the body through the pineal gland.

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