TB5 Lecture 1; The Self and the Other

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 21-05-15 18:09

1. What is the central concept of Dualism? (Descartes)

  • The self as a reconciliation of unconcious forces that govern our behaviour.
  • The mediation of basic instincts and drives through the pineal gland which houses the 'essence' of the self
  • The self = the soul (immaterial) which controls the 'machine' of the body through the pineal gland.
  • There are different types of Self, self-constituents, self-actions and self-feelings, the self as a 'multilevelled problem'
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2. What did industrialisation mean for the Self?

  • The impossibility of complete self knowledge, the self emerges through conflict with unconscious forces which cannot be understood.
  • The purpose of the self was religion orientated and an emphasis was placed on fulfillment of life on earth >the afterlife.
  • The self was seen as an individual and autonomous entity, self reliance and individualism (capitalism) was emphasised and there was a shift from the communal self.
  • That self understanding was scientifically orientated, pushed for a more scientific understanding of the world and influenced by political change.

3. How is the independent self different from the interdependent self?

  • The independent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, interdependent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
  • The interdependent self is a capitalist perspective and the independent a socialist one.
  • The interdependent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, independent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
  • The independent self is a capitalist perspective and the interdependent a socialist one.

4. How does fMRI work?

  • Detects iron levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
  • Detects haemoglobin levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
  • Detects K+ levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
  • Detects amount of blood in one area of the brain, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.

5. What does Symbolic Interactionism proposed by Mead state?

  • An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.
  • A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.
  • The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.
  • A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.

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