TB5 Lecture 1; The Self and the Other

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 21-05-15 18:09

1. What was William James' view of the Self?

  • There are 3 types of self, it's constituents (The material/spiritual self), the feelings and emotions they arouse (self-feelings e.g self-dissatisfaction/complacency) and self-actions, the actions to which they prompt e.g self-preservation
  • The self as a reconciliation of unconcious forces that govern our behaviour.
  • The mediation of basic instincts and drives through the pineal gland which houses the 'essence' of the self
  • The self = the soul (immaterial) which controls the 'machine' of the body through the pineal gland.
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2. What does Symbolic Interactionism proposed by Mead state?

  • A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.
  • An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.
  • The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.
  • A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.

3. What is Markus and Kityama's view on the self?

  • An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.
  • A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.
  • The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.
  • A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.

4. What did industrialisation mean for the Self?

  • That self understanding was scientifically orientated, pushed for a more scientific understanding of the world and influenced by political change.
  • The impossibility of complete self knowledge, the self emerges through conflict with unconscious forces which cannot be understood.
  • The self was seen as an individual and autonomous entity, self reliance and individualism (capitalism) was emphasised and there was a shift from the communal self.
  • The purpose of the self was religion orientated and an emphasis was placed on fulfillment of life on earth >the afterlife.

5. How is the independent self different from the interdependent self?

  • The independent self is a capitalist perspective and the interdependent a socialist one.
  • The interdependent self is a capitalist perspective and the independent a socialist one.
  • The independent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, interdependent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
  • The interdependent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, independent self is communal and is stable within different contexts

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