1. How does fMRI work?
- Detects amount of blood in one area of the brain, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
- Detects iron levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
- Detects K+ levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
- Detects haemoglobin levels in the blood, as blood flows through the brain you can see neural activity in real time.
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2. What did a study by Kross et al (2013) find?
- Facebook use predicts declines in affect and life satisfaction over time
- Facebook use predicts increases in affect and life satisfaction over time
- There is no correlation between facebook use, affect or life staisfaction
3. What is the main point(s) of the "Self as an illusion" argument?
- The 'self' is purely physiological and is the combination and reconciliation of X drives.
- We do not have a self at all, rather we have drives that are constrained by biology or societal norms. The 'self' is a post-hoc rationalisation of the chosen path
- The self is outside the body and therefore does not materially exist, however it governs our drives and thoughts
- The self is fiction and is used to give a narrative to random behaviour of humans.
4. What did industrialisation mean for the Self?
- The impossibility of complete self knowledge, the self emerges through conflict with unconscious forces which cannot be understood.
- The self was seen as an individual and autonomous entity, self reliance and individualism (capitalism) was emphasised and there was a shift from the communal self.
- That self understanding was scientifically orientated, pushed for a more scientific understanding of the world and influenced by political change.
- The purpose of the self was religion orientated and an emphasis was placed on fulfillment of life on earth >the afterlife.
5. What is Markus and Kityama's view on the self?
- An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.
- A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.
- The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.
- A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.