TB5 Lecture 1; The Self and the Other

  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 21-05-15 18:09

1. What is the main point(s) of the "Self as an illusion" argument?

  • We do not have a self at all, rather we have drives that are constrained by biology or societal norms. The 'self' is a post-hoc rationalisation of the chosen path
  • The self is fiction and is used to give a narrative to random behaviour of humans.
  • The self is outside the body and therefore does not materially exist, however it governs our drives and thoughts
  • The 'self' is purely physiological and is the combination and reconciliation of X drives.
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Other questions in this quiz

2. What does Symbolic Interactionism proposed by Mead state?

  • A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.
  • The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.
  • A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.
  • An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.

3. In ontological development (human), at what stage in development is self-awareness apparent?

  • Stage 2, approx 2 months
  • Stage 4 approx 3 years
  • Stage 3, approx 2 years
  • Stage 1, approx 24 hours

4. What is the central concept of Dualism? (Descartes)

  • The self = the soul (immaterial) which controls the 'machine' of the body through the pineal gland.
  • There are different types of Self, self-constituents, self-actions and self-feelings, the self as a 'multilevelled problem'
  • The self as a reconciliation of unconcious forces that govern our behaviour.
  • The mediation of basic instincts and drives through the pineal gland which houses the 'essence' of the self

5. What did Gallup's (1970) mirror test study show?

  • Chimps learned that it was not another chimp in the mirror, with this knowledge social responses decreased and self directed responses increased.
  • The length of time the chimp was exposed to the mirror had no affect on type of response
  • Chimps learned that it was not another chimp in the mirror, with this knowledge self directed responses decreased and social responses increased.
  • The longer the chimp was exposed to the mirror the more the social responses increased


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