1. What is Markus and Kityama's view on the self?
- An interactionist perspective where evolutionary factors and the current culture and environment have an effect on the drives of a person and the Self's different levels.
- A dynamic process in which the self arises, is changed by internalised societal values and becomes formalised into a discrete entity.
- The self arises and is continously modified through the agent's interaction with society, a dynamic process with different cross-cultural significance.
- A cross-cultural perspective in which the self is modified through the agents interactions with different cultures.
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2. How is the independent self different from the interdependent self?
- The independent self is a capitalist perspective and the interdependent a socialist one.
- The interdependent self is a capitalist perspective and the independent a socialist one.
- The independent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, interdependent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
- The interdependent self, a western perspective is autonomous and moves within groups, independent self is communal and is stable within different contexts
3. In ontological development (human), at what stage in development is self-awareness apparent?
- Stage 3, approx 2 years
- Stage 1, approx 24 hours
- Stage 2, approx 2 months
- Stage 4 approx 3 years
4. What is a quesar experiment?
- An experiment with a correlational design, used for abstract variables e.g the self that can't be 'switched on/off'
- A naturalistic experiment where variables such as the Self can be measured
- An experiment with a longitudinal non-direct design, used for abstract variables e.g the self that can't be 'switched on/off'
5. What were Freud's general views on the Self?
- The impossibility of complete self knowledge, the self emerges through conflict with unconscious forces which cannot be understood.
- The purpose of the self was religion orientated and an emphasis was placed on fulfillment of life on earth >the afterlife.
- That self understanding was scientifically orientated, pushed for a more scientific understanding of the world and influenced by political change.
- The self was seen as an individual and autonomous entity, self reliance and individualism (capitalism) was emphasised and there was a shift from the communal self.