Symphony Number 40, Mvt 1

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What era is this piece from?
Classical ~ 1750-1820
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What type of piece is this?
It is a movement from a symphony.
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What is the structure of this movement?
Sonata Form.
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Describe the elements of this structure.
There are three elements: the exposition, the development and the recapitulation.
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Describe the exposition section.
This is where the ideas are first introduced in the tonic key.
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Describe the development section.
This is where the ideas are modulated into different keys.
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Describe the recapitulation section.
This is where the original ideas are repeated in shorter form and in the tonic key.
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What is the tonic key of this movement?
G Minor.
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Describe the instrumentation of the movement.
It is orchestra, but with only one flute, no trumpets and no percussion.
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Describe the dynamics at the beginning of the movement.
All of the parts are marked piano at the beginning, yet as the first idea progresses, the dynamics increase to forte.
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Describe the instrumentation at the beginning of the movement.
In the first bar, the cellos and double basses play on the first beat, with the viola playing throughout and the violins starting the first idea on beat 4.
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How many main ideas are there?
2.
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Who introduces the first idea and when?
The violins introduce it by playing in octaves on the last beat of the first bar.
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Describe the rhythms of the first subject.
They use semiquavers, quavers and crotchets and therefore rather basic rhythms. The violas play a quaver accompaniment.
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Describe the melody of the first subject.
The melody uses descending phrases and starts quite repetitively. The melody instruments are in octaves.
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Which instruments play in the bridge passage?
All instruments.
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Describe the dynamics in the bridge.
All instruments start forte, and sf is used by most instruments except for violins in the middle of the bridge.
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Which instruments play in the first bar of the second subject?
All of the string instruments.
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Describe the antiphony at the beginning of the second subject.
The strings play in the first 5 beats and the clarinets and bassoons respond with a rhythm of equal length.
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Describe the melody of the first subject in terms of accidentals.
Accidentals are few at the start of the subject but are more common towards the end.
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Describe the melody of the second subject in terms of accidentals.
There are many times that the accidentals stray from the key signature (chromatic melody), particularly in the first half.
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Describe the rhythms of the second subject.
There are some dotted rhythms as well as the more basic rhythms as used in the first subject. A lot of semiquavers are used.There are also cross-rhythms and trills to decorate notes as well as articulation such as staccato notes.
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What comes between the end of the second subject and the start of the development section?
A small codetta and a repeat of the entire exposition section.
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Describe the dynamics of the development section.
It begins piano, but has forte phrases and piano phrases as well as more complex dynamics such as mfp.
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Describe the effect of syncopation in this movement.
It adds momentum across bars, as in cross rhythms.
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Describe the changes made in the development section.
The melodies are altered, with rapid modulations, imitation and the falling semitone motif with more chromatic notes.
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Describe the changes made going into the recapitulation section.
The piece returns to the original key of G Minor and the original phrases are used, but in a shorter form.
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What is the main texture?
Melody Dominated Homophony.
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When is the texture polyphonic?
In bars 202-210.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What type of piece is this?

Back

It is a movement from a symphony.

Card 3

Front

What is the structure of this movement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the elements of this structure.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the exposition section.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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