Structuralist Marxism: Althusser

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 11-05-15 17:49
According to structuralists, what shapes history?
Social structures and therefore they are the proper subjects of scientific enquiry.
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What is Structural Determinism ?
A model which explains the structure of society, and how it can be used to overthrow capitalism
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According to Structural Determinism, capitalist society has 3 levels, what are they?
1)Economic - all the activities that produce something 2)Political level -all organisations 3) Ideological level - involves the way people see themselves and their world
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How does Althusser's Structural model differ from Marx's base-superstructure model?
In Althusser's, the political and ideological levels have relative autonomy from the economic level. They are not a mere reflection of it and can even affect what happens to the economy
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How does the sate provide ideological functions?
Through the repressive (armed bodies of men) and ideological sate (media, education, religion etc.) apparatuses.
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How does Craib describe society?
As a puppet theatre, we are merely puppets, and these unseen structures are the hidden puppet master, determining all out thoughts and actions
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How does Althusser argue socialism will come about?
Because of a crisis of capitalism, resulting in over-determination
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What is over determination?
The contradictions of the three structures that occur relatively independently of each other, resulting in the collapse of the system as a whole
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Card 2

Front

What is Structural Determinism ?

Back

A model which explains the structure of society, and how it can be used to overthrow capitalism

Card 3

Front

According to Structural Determinism, capitalist society has 3 levels, what are they?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How does Althusser's Structural model differ from Marx's base-superstructure model?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does the sate provide ideological functions?

Back

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