Spanish Civil War Knowledge Tracker

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  • Created by: meglp
  • Created on: 06-04-18 19:57
How was the Catholic Church an obstacle to social progress?
Ruled education - many illiterate
1 of 35
Which two regions wanted regional independence?
Catalonia and Basque
2 of 35
Which political standpoint did the following groups belong to: ***, POUM, PSOE, CEDA, Falange Espanola
*** - Anachist, POUM - Communist, PSOE - Socialist, CEDA - Conservative, Falange - Fascist
3 of 35
Who led the CEDA group?
Robles
4 of 35
What was the importance of the Asturias Uprising (October 1934)?
Was a miners revolution against the civil guard - unification of left groups. Villages in the region bombed caused loss of respect to the government. Was a microcosm to the SCW
5 of 35
Give two ways Azana caused political polarisation in 1936
1. censors the press 2. bans the Falange
6 of 35
Whose military coup of July 1936 signalled the start of the civil war?
General Mola
7 of 35
Which side of the SCW was mostly located in urban areas and supported by left wing politics?
Republican
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Which side of the SCW was mostly located in rural areas and supported right wing politics?
Nationalist
9 of 35
What did the leaders of western democracies sign in August 1936?
Non intervention pact - in hope the SCW would not become a world war
10 of 35
During which campaign of the SCW was Franco entitled Generalissimo
Battle of Madrid - diverts troops to Ascala Castle to protect Republican heritage
11 of 35
During which campaign of the SCW did the Nationalists bomb Guernica in April 1937?
Nationalist Northern Offensive
12 of 35
Name the political group that Franco set up to unify the Nat. zone
FET-JONS
13 of 35
Give 3 examples of how gender roles were relaxed in the Reb. zones
1. dressed the same as men 2. could join the army front line 3. Dolores Ibarruri-female public speaker, created morale
14 of 35
How did anti-clerical persecution from Rep. forces impact negatively on their war effort?
Caused US, France and GB not want to intervene as felt disgusted by their attacks on the Catholic Church
15 of 35
How did Franco address the issue of political opponents in 1939?
Law of Political Responsibilities
16 of 35
How was Franco able to appease monarchist supporters in 1939?
Law of Leadership Succession
17 of 35
Why did Franco's policy of autarky prove to be a failure by 1956?
The Years of Hunger between 1939-44 - 200,000 people died from famine
18 of 35
Name the economic policy which involves workers setting prices
Corporatism
19 of 35
Why was it expected that Franco would partake in WW2?
1939 Treaty of Friendship, German support helped Franco win the SCW
20 of 35
How did WW2 neutrality help Franco to maintain control of Spain?
Secured oi supplies and loans from the US and UK, it also worked as distraction so he could be a dictator
21 of 35
Which two superpowers were involved in the Cold War 1945-91?
USA and Russia
22 of 35
Why did the USA offer Spain monetary aid in the Marshall Plan?
To stop the spread of Communism
23 of 35
How did Franco attempt to destroy Catalan culture?
Bans the language, flying of flag, changed street signs
24 of 35
Examples of social repression used by Franco 1938-56
Press Law, bans homosexuality, abortions illegal, propaganda
25 of 35
Which Catholic organisation replaced the Falange to organise Franco's economic policies?
Opius Dei
26 of 35
What economic policy did this group introduce in 1959?
Free market economy
27 of 35
What factors were responsible for Spains economic miracle?
1. Stabilisation Plan 2. Tourism 3. Consumerism
28 of 35
Why did this economic upturn not benefit of Spaniards?
Tourism only within the coastal Southern Spain to stave their economic and consumerism only hit urban areas
29 of 35
By 1975, how much money was tourism contributing to Spanish economy?
3.5 billion
30 of 35
Name 2 policies passed by Fraga to make Spain look more liberal?
1. Religious Freedom Act 2. Law of Family Representation
31 of 35
Who were the political terrorist organisation responsible for assassinating Basque politicians working for Franco?
ETA
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From which two social groups did Franco face opposition?
Factory workers and university students
33 of 35
How did Franco's choice of successor split his government?
Reformers supported the change whilst Conservatives feared it
34 of 35
Name 2 progressive policies which featured in the new Spanish Constitution introduced on the 31st October 1978
1. Freedom of Speech 2. abolition of the death penalty
35 of 35

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which two regions wanted regional independence?

Back

Catalonia and Basque

Card 3

Front

Which political standpoint did the following groups belong to: ***, POUM, PSOE, CEDA, Falange Espanola

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who led the CEDA group?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the importance of the Asturias Uprising (October 1934)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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