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1603 1625-1629 1629-40 Personal Rule
Ways Charles financed:
Long term problems 1625- Charles sets of bad start w/
- Rent from crowd lands
between Parliament parliament.
-Ward ship
and King - Wars with Spain and France costly failures
- Tonnage and poundage
-Parliament wanted to impeach Buckingham,
The divine -Revival of forest laws
rights of the so Charles dissolves first parliament
- 1637 Ship Money
King - He collected forced loans w/o parliaments
(Some oppositions to Ship Money,
permission
John Hampden, but case failed against
King in court)
Royal
1628- Recalled parliament to finance the
Impeachment
Prerogative war.
The Earl of Strafford
-They only granted subsides if Charles
-Strafford and Laud created the
accepted petition of rights.
`Through' Government. It was
Parliaments -Buckingham was assassinated.
Royal Finance authorisation and strictness on local
Privileges -Charles appointed William Laud, an
officials- created many enemies.
Arminain, Bishop of London.
Use prerogative court to demand
accountability
The church of England 1629- Charles dissolved parliament again,
-1631 The Book of Orders
-Protestant church with some until better understanding.
traditions of Catholicism. Religion and Archbishop Laud
Govern by bishops. Problems between parliament and kings
- Archbishop of Canterbury
cos:
- innovations to church of England,
- The Petition of Right (King accepted it but
made it seem more `catholic'
didn't follow it, still he prerogative powers)
- e.g. made decorations in church and
-Tonnage and Poundage (King still insisted it
bishops placed in church (weaken
belonged to him w/o parliament's consent)
puritans)
-Religion ( Arminian Laud as Bishop of
- Three puritan gentry was pushed for
London, too closer to Catholics)
attacking Laud's reform (ear's cut off)
Duke of Buckingham, bad influence
- advised on war with Spain and France =
disastrous foreign policy
- controlled access to the King
- he monopolised patronage…read more

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1633 1639 1st Bishop War
Other oppositions to personal
rule
- `Natural supporters' alienated. UNPOPULAR WAR
E.g.. Gentry, lawyers, Aristocracy. -not only puritans but
Due to high prices and awkward country ppl had no desire
positions force money from to fight the costs they
friends. Rich Gentlemen saw them as
specifically targeted. courageously godly
-The Altar controversies people.
Alienated puritans, the altar
placed in the far east side was
unacceptable
-Ship Money e.g.. John Hampden
-Large Puritan network `Godly
Party' ABSENCE OF
- ALTERNATIVE THEORY, PARLIAMENT
-had to try to finance the
problems from outside England.
war from non-
i.e. Ireland, Scotland. parliamentary tax, he
THE KINGS POLICTIALS
The Prayer Book Rebellion UNEFFEICENT MILTARLY was low on money.
BLUNDERS
-it was put together by poorly
Charles thought the
train and equipped country's
-Charles first visit SCOTLAND, appalled by Scots would run away.
militias. Desertion and lack of
the way Presbyterians worship. pay. - But when Charles said
-He wanted uniformity and so imposed he will raise foreign
- Unpaid officers trying to raise
THE NEW PRAYER BOOK, this aroused catholic troops, it
money for the war had to take
SCOTTISH NATIONALISM provoked the Scots
them of friends and family.
-1637 St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh a further.
riot.
-NATIONAL COVENANT (bounded
Scottish nationalism and Calvinist faith)
in opposition to the New Prayer Book
- CHARLES DECIDED TO USE FORCE.…read more

Slide 3

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1640 1641 end of prerogative gov The slide to war...
IRISH REBBELLION 1641
Charles recalled the short parliament to Triennial Act (Parliament to be called
A catholic rebellion, English
vote for subsides for the war, but they did every 3 years)
protestants were being massacred.
not until they grievances were considered
Rebels said they were doing this in
from the personal rule. Parliament began impeaching Stafford
support of the King.
`Arbitrary Gov' Pym's accused Stafford and
THE SECOND BISHOP WAR. Charles was laud for stirring up the war between Scots
THE GRAND REMOSTANCE
still determined to defeat the Scots, but and England
Money for the King for the rebellion
they invaded England, and took Newcastle
only granted if this was accepted:
(coal supplies) THE BILL OF ATTAINDER ACT, Earl as a
- Parliament control the appointment
traitor for suggesting the Irish army again
of King's ministers
King had to sign TREATY OF RIPON the parliament
-Bishops and catholic exuded from
- Scot continue to occupy Newcastle
House of Lords
- Scots demanded to be paid £850 a day. THE ARMY PLOT ­ king's army from York
- Root and branch reforms on church
- English parliament to be recalled decided to free Strafford, failed. ­ no trust in
king now.
Only passed by 11 votes, failed.
THE LONG PARLIAMENT NOV 1640
THIS SHOW THAT THEY WAS
King signed the Bill of attainder act and
ROYALIST SUPPORTERS FORMING!
the triennial act.
THE MILITA BILL 1641, the
END OF PREGROGATIVE GOVERNMENT
parliament was allowed to raise an
- Prerogative courts were abolished, ship
army to defeat the rebellion
money abolished, limitation of forest act.
THE ARREST OF THE 5 MPS
( for they treatment towards him)
- John Pyms
- John Hampden
- William Stode
- Edward Montagu
- Denzil Holley
- Sir Arther Haselrig…read more

Slide 4

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1640 1641 end of prerogative gov The slide to war...
IRISH REBBELLION 1641
Charles recalled the short parliament to Triennial Act (Parliament to be called
A catholic rebellion, English
vote for subsides for the war, but they did every 3 years)
protestants were being massacred.
not until they grievances were considered
Rebels said they were doing this in
from the personal rule. Parliament began impeaching Stafford
support of the King.
`Arbitrary Gov' Pym's accused Stafford and
THE SECOND BISHOP WAR. Charles was laud for stirring up the war between Scots
THE GRAND REMOSTANCE
still determined to defeat the Scots, but and England
Money for the King for the rebellion
they invaded England, and took Newcastle
only granted if this was accepted:
(coal supplies) THE BILL OF ATTAINDER ACT, Earl as a
- Parliament control the appointment
traitor for suggesting the Irish army again
of King's ministers
King had to sign TREATY OF RIPON the parliament
-Bishops and catholic exuded from
- Scot continue to occupy Newcastle
House of Lords
- Scots demanded to be paid £850 a day. THE ARMY PLOT ­ king's army from York
- Root and branch reforms on church
- English parliament to be recalled decided to free Strafford, failed. ­ no trust in
king now.
Only passed by 11 votes, failed.
THE LONG PARLIAMENT NOV 1640
THIS SHOW THAT THEY WAS
King signed the Bill of attainder act and
ROYALIST SUPPORTERS FORMING!
the triennial act.
THE MILITA BILL 1641, the
END OF PREGROGATIVE GOVERNMENT
parliament was allowed to raise an
- Prerogative courts were abolished, ship
army to defeat the rebellion
money abolished, limitation of forest act.
THE ARREST OF THE 5 MPS
( for they treatment towards him)
- John Pyms
- John Hampden
- William Stode
- Edward Montagu
- Denzil Holley
- Sir Arther Haselrig…read more

Slide 5

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1642 THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR .......towards the end 1646 1647 no settlement
King was offered the Proposition of
Both sides preparing for war: Parliament formed army of the EASTERN
Newcastle as a basis for settlement,
- Parliament issued the MILITIA ASSOCIATION, Led by Earl of Manchester
but it was again refuse.
ORGINANCE for militias, and Oliver Cromwell
-Stafford's death, King didn't want to
but King issues COMMISION OF ARRAY to
betray those that were loyal to him,
get the milias instead. TURNING POINT: Charles made alliance
and the proposition didn't protect
with Ireland, with catholic fractions ­ bad
Monarchy's prerogative
Parliament offered the NINETEEN progranda , didn't help much.
PROPISTIONS, but king rejected.
Division in parliament
-Parliament made alliance with Scotland
-Presybrtiain- wanted a quick
Parliament raised an army under EARL OF known as the Solemn league and Convenat-
settlement with king to restored social
ESSEX, King raised an army with PRINCE very good, but on the demand for a
order, too much religions and the
RUPERT. Presbyterian church settlement afterwards.
Scots needed their Presbyterian
settlement
The Battle Of Edge hill ­ statement. Parliament won THE BATTLE OF MARTON
-Independents regret alliance with
MOOR AND WON YORK AND NEWCASTLE!
Scots, they wanted religious tolerance,
King retreated to OXFORD as his 20,000 Scots army joined up with pali led by
the army thinks the king cannot be
headquarters. SIR THOMAS FAIRFRAX.
trusted.
- ` The Oxford Treaty' was offered ­ but
king rejected. But not the turning point yet, Parliament
1647- the FIRST BIG PRESBYTERIAN
failed at the SECOND BATTLE OF NEWBURY
MISATKE. They tried to capture the
The Parliament had London
army cheaply, but nearly provoked
Parliament faced political problems
another civil war.
1643 ­ WAS A GOOD YEAR FOR - the Independnants and the Peace party
ROYALIST. Won may wars, controlled Independents won control and brought the
THE LEVELLERS INFLUNCES.
south-west and north east, and Bristol. Earl SELF-DENYING ORIDNANCE AND THE
Cromwell was moved by their ideas at
of Newcastle won many victories. FORMATION OF THE NEW MODEL ARMY.
first but then they became too radical
-PARLIAMENT NOT DOING SO GOOD.
for more revolution.
PARLIAMENT WON THE BATTLE OF
NASEBY much of South West was captured.
Cornet Joyce seize King from
Royalist territories started falling one by one.
parliament, and bring him to
NEWMARKE to the ARMY.
1646 CHARLES GAVE HIMSELF UP TO THE
- The army presented him the HEAD
SCOTS. ENGLISH CIVIL WAR OVER.
OF PROSPSAL, but the king rejected.…read more

Slide 6

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1648 2ND CIVIL WAR!
The ENGAGMENT
The King escaped to the Isle of Wright and
made a treaty with the Scots to fight off the
FAILURES TO SOLVE
army, in turn for the trial of presybritain PROBLEMS FROM THE 1ST
church settlement for 3 years. WAR.
1648, Parliament voted `no further
address' to the king.
August -Scottish Army defeated at KING REALISED PUBLIC'S
THE ARMY WAS THE
FRUSTATION AND DEEP
Preston DIVISONS AMONGST
MAIN OBSTACLE TO
NORMALITLY!
POLITIC GROUPS.
28 August- Surrender of Colchester and WHY WAS
end of the Second Civil War. THERE A 2ND
CIVIL WAR?
September ­ Parliament sent to
negotiate with Charles. Under the vote of
no address, negotiations must be
completed within 40 days PARLIAMENTS FALUT,
PUBLIC ANGERED BY
THE MONARCHY WAS
FAILURE TO REACH A
BETTER. OFFERED
Treaty of Newport, the parliament SETTLEMENT
TRADITION AND OREDER
expanded the 40 days. Army got mad. Oh
boy.
Treaty of Newport trigged,
PRIDE PRUGE.
Army choose not to betray their cause for
fighting.
Army Remonstrance demanded trial and
punishments of Charles.
6 Dec ­ Colonel Pride block entry to mps
that were supporting negotiations with the
King, the remaining Mps, became know
was the " R U M P "…read more

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