Foreign Affairs under Elizabeth

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  • Elizabeth I - Foreign Affairs
    • Marriage/succession
      • Why marriage was an issue
        • Civil war/foreign invasion/strife
        • Catholic Mary Queen of Scots was successor
        • Liz refused to name an heir (said royal prerogative)
      • Opportunities
        • Bargaining chip in Foreign policy
    • Mary QofS
      • Causes of crisis
        • Fled to England due to Scottish civil war
        • English catholics thought rightful monarch
        • Excommunication of pope (1570)
        • Involved in 4 plots 1571-86 - to overthrow
      • Consequences
        • Cecil convinced Elizabeth to execute in 1587
        • Mary found guilty in Babington Plot of 1586
        • Spanish Armada sent in retaliation (1588)
    • FP with Spain
      • Good relations in 1560s due to marriage + hope of conversion
      • Causes of deteriorating FP in 1570s
        • John Hawkins threatened Caribbean trade
        • Proxy war - Netherlands
          • Expulsion from English ports of Sea beggars = revolt against Spain (1572)
        • Elizabeth seizes Spanish ship (1568)

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