Sociology revision

this is my last minute revision for my exam tomorrow wish me the best of look and hope that if you are in my situation they will help as well. 

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 23-01-13 15:04
what is cultural deprivation?
working-class and black children are inadequately socialised and lack the right culture needed to succeed in the education system
1 of 56
Name the three theorists who give theories on intellectual development
J.W.B. Douglas, Basil Bernstein, Douglas Young
2 of 56
what did J.W.B. Douglas say about intellectual development
working class parents are less likely to support their child's intellectual development through stimulating their learning
3 of 56
What did Basil Bernstein and Douglas Young say?
the way the mother choose the toys for their children has an influence on their development
4 of 56
Which three theorists gave theories on language?
Carl Bereiter, Siegfried Englemann, Basil Bernstein
5 of 56
what did Carl Bereiter and Siegfried say about language?
They claim that the language used in lower class homes is deficient
6 of 56
what did Basil Bernstein say about language?
The restricted and elaborated code
7 of 56
Which three theorists talked about attitudes and values?
Leon Feinstein, Herbert Hyman, Barry Sugarman
8 of 56
what did Leon Feinstein say?
working-class parents lack of interest was the reason for their child's under-achievement
9 of 56
What did Herbert Hyman say?
that the values and beliefs of the lower-class subcultures are a self imposed barrier to educational success
10 of 56
what did Barry sugarman say?
Fatalism, Collectivism, Immediate gratification and present-time orientation
11 of 56
what are some of the policies brought in by governments to tackle the problems of culteral deprivation
Operation Head Start, education priority areas, education action zones, aim higher, sure start
12 of 56
what did Nell Keedie say?
that cultural deprivation as a myth ans sees it as a victim-blaming explanation.
13 of 56
what did Barry Troyna and Jenny Williams say?
argue that the problem is not the child's language but the schools attitude towards it.
14 of 56
what did Jo Mortimer say?
that working class parents went to less parents evenings not due to lack of interest but due to working long irregular hours.
15 of 56
what is material deprivation?
a lack of basic necessities that have an effect of their success
16 of 56
what problems does housing pose for working class children
little room for study in overcrowded homes can make it difficult for them to study
17 of 56
what effect does it have on young children?
can impair the child's development
18 of 56
what else can housing do indirectly to children?
can have an effect on the health and welfare of the child
19 of 56
which theorist gave a reason for diet and health having an effect on children
Marilyn Howard (2001)
20 of 56
What did Marilyn Howard say?
that children from poorer homes lack the normal vitamins and minerals weakening the immune system and energy levels which can lead to absences
21 of 56
what did Emily Tanner et al say?
that costs of items such as transport, uniforms, books, computers etc is a burden on working class families
22 of 56
what is cultural capital?
the knowledge, attitudes, values that the middle class transmit to their children.
23 of 56
Bourdieu argues for three types of capital
Cultural capital. educational and economic capital
24 of 56
What study did Alice Sullivan do to test Bourdieu's ideas
used a questionnaire to conduct a survey of 465 pupils in four schools. to assess their cultural capital
25 of 56
who came up with Marketisation and parental choice?
Gewirtz
26 of 56
reasons for class differences in achievement
labelling, the self-fulfilling prophecy, pupil subcultures, marketisation and selection policies
27 of 56
what is the A-to-C economy and educational triage
this is where schools ration their time, effort and resources concentrating them on those pupils they perceive as having potential
28 of 56
what did Gillborn and Youdell call this process
educational triage or sorting those who will pass, those who are on the border line those who are not worth the effort.
29 of 56
what is cream-skimming?
selecting higher ability pupils who gain the best results and cost less to teach
30 of 56
what is silt-shifting?
off-loading pupils with learning difficulties who are expensive to teach and get low grades
31 of 56
name the tree external reasons for under-achievement by ethnic chidren
cultural deprivation, material deprivation and class, racism in wider society
32 of 56
internal factors which lead to their under-achievement
labelling and teacher racism pupil responses and subcultures, the ethnocentric curriculum, institutional racism selection and segregation
33 of 56
who said that teachers are quicker to discipline black pupils than others?
Gillborn and Gillborn and Youdell
34 of 56
who found that schools tend to see black boys as a threat and to label them negatively?
jenny bourne
35 of 56
who found that despite schools apparent commitment to equal opportunities, teachers held ethnocentric views (prefer british children)
Cecile Wright
36 of 56
Who did Mary Fuller study ?
Group of black year 11 girls
37 of 56
What four ways does Robert Merton say boys respond to racist stereotypical
rebelling, conforming, retreating and innovating
38 of 56
What two explanations did Troyna and williams explain racism
Individual and institutional racism
39 of 56
what is individual racism
the results from the prejudiced views of individuals
40 of 56
what is institutional racism
discrimination that is built into the way institutions such as schools and colleges operate
41 of 56
who said that marketisation has given schools greater scope to select pupils and this puts ethnic minorities at a disadvantage
David Gillborn
42 of 56
what are the four external reasons for gender differences in achievement
the impact of feminism, changes in the family, changes in women's employment girls' changing perceptions and ambitions
43 of 56
what six internal reasons for gender differences in achievement
equal opportunities policies, positive role models in school, GCSE and coursework, teacher attention and classroom interaction, challenging stereotypes in the curriculum, selection and league tables
44 of 56
who was durkheim?
functionalsit who believed that people should be apart of a community
45 of 56
what is parsons meritocracy
equal
46 of 56
what is davis and moore role allocation?
schools perform to assess the jobs in which pupils will go onto do.
47 of 56
new rightists said that education fails to open a market that forces supply and demand who said this?
chubb and moe
48 of 56
who talked about the ideological state apperatus
Althusser
49 of 56
who argues that the capatlist workforce requires the attitudes and behavior for them to be exploited in work
Bowles and Gintis
50 of 56
what was the tripartite system
grammar school, secondary modern and tech schools
51 of 56
what did you need to *** to get into grammar
11+
52 of 56
what percentage went to secondary modern
75%
53 of 56
What is the comprehensive system
the system we have today
54 of 56
although it said to close the gap on differences in achievement it produces class inequality how?
streaming and labelling
55 of 56
since 1997 what has the government done to reduce inequality?
education action zones, aim higher, ema, raising leaving age to 18
56 of 56

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name the three theorists who give theories on intellectual development

Back

J.W.B. Douglas, Basil Bernstein, Douglas Young

Card 3

Front

what did J.W.B. Douglas say about intellectual development

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Basil Bernstein and Douglas Young say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which three theorists gave theories on language?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »