Sociology - Race and Ethnicity

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Race
A category composed of men and women who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society deem socially significant. biological traits are endowed with social meaning.
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Ethnicity
People who have common cultural characteristics and an ethnic identity. sense of "oneness," unity, and shared fate.
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Dominant Group
Those who control the central institutional spheres, including the power to define standards of beauty and social worth (WASP's)
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minority
a category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged. does not refer to the numerical size of a group.
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Minority Group Status
1. A visible ascribed trait by which a person can be clearly recognize 2. Differential (unequal) treatment on the basis of this trait 3. Organization of one's own self-image around this identity 4. Awareness of a shared identity with similar others
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Prejudice
an attitude, which predisposes an individual to prejudge entire categories of people unfairly
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Discrimination
a behavior, or and the unfair and harmful treatment of people based on their group membership
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Racism
the belief that race determines human ability and as a result, certain races deserve to be treated as inferior while other races deserve to treated as superior
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Institutional Prejudice, Discrimination and Racism
Systematic Discrimination of a racial or ethnic group that is built into social structures.
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Stereotypes
A rigid and inaccurate image that summarizes a belief. 1. Stereotyping elevates the status of the group, which engages in it 2. Stereotyping reduces the need to think and reduces guilt 3. Ignorance
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Scapegoat theory
prejudice results from frustrations among the disadvantaged
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Authoritarian personality
prejudice as a personality-level trait
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cultural theory of prejudice
prejudice may be embedded in popular cultural values
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Symbolic Racism
The belief in equal rights coupled with the belief that certain racial and ethnic groups have achieved an unfair advantage over whites
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Conflict theory
prejudice as a product of social struggles
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PATTERNS OF INTERACTION
1. Assimilation  Anglo-Conformity  Melting-Pot Assimilation 2. Pluralism 3. Segregation  Hyper-Segregation  De Facto vs. De Jure 4. Internal Colonialism 5. Expulsion (Population Movement) 6. Annihilation (Genocide)
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Card 2

Front

People who have common cultural characteristics and an ethnic identity. sense of "oneness," unity, and shared fate.

Back

Ethnicity

Card 3

Front

Those who control the central institutional spheres, including the power to define standards of beauty and social worth (WASP's)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a category of people, distinguished by physical or cultural traits, who are socially disadvantaged. does not refer to the numerical size of a group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1. A visible ascribed trait by which a person can be clearly recognize 2. Differential (unequal) treatment on the basis of this trait 3. Organization of one's own self-image around this identity 4. Awareness of a shared identity with similar others

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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