Sociology of poverty introductory lecture

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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 11-09-15 03:27
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  • Introductory lecture
    • Our duty
      • Explain does not mean justify
      • prejudicial: pre-judge on limited info
      • define poverty - clarity - bring it forward
    • What is poverty?
      • multidimensional
      • insufficient income - deprivation of material resources encompass:...
      • lack of opportunity, access to education, basic healthcare, clean drinking water, infl. in pol processes.. (UN DEV. PROGRAM)
        • $1.25 -> $2.00 (poverty data UN & WB) = none in GB/US ...
      • differentiation: gradations of poor betw. gender, diff ethnic groups, "racial groups"
      • related to ineq. lowest rings of ineq - econ - income & resources, cultural, status you have
      • irritated by the homeless? 1)think they should be diff. 2)they caused that 3)made you feel uncomfortable (personal hygiene).
      • Accumulation of wealth: so much one can spend - sitting there not doing anything. Econ's - circulation of wealth & investment. Worry about concentration of wealth, lack of econ growth - new jobs = poor stay poor
    • The case of children
      • Younger children - younger parents - shorter on income life cycle = poorer, & additional child
        • 24,000 children die each day due to poverty
      • 2.2 bil in world - just above poverty line. Nearly 1/2 (1 bil) live in poverty
    • The case of women
      • Some estimates: represent 70% of world's poor
        • Utilitarian econ. - have baby, not give job - invest more elsewhere! & not productive whilst training = structural issue
      • Perform 66% of world's work,produce 50% of food - but earn 10% of income & own 1% of property!!!
      • Women's national wages - 17% lower than mens (UNICEF - 'Gender Equality, 2007'
      • Natural occupational positions (e.g. mothering) - not paid as highly as other marlet positions = seen as a rational decision
      • New jobs - economics - who do we give jobs to? Women that will leave to have babies?
      • prejudice ag. women in the labor market - but why do we (W) feel unsettled about idea of house husbands? Cultural issues
      • W have to have skills & tools adapted to their countries - Q of facilitating top-down?
      • Shelley Correll: 'moterhood penalty' - motherhood infl workplace evaluations, pay & job opportunities.
    • Female education
      • barrier to education espec among girls - no need for formal education = human capitak! (MD Girls report, 2010
    • Homelessness
      • UN Report 2005: over 1 mil homless worldwide
      • +1 bil lack adequate housing
      • Urban slums (squatters) growing v v quickly. ( poorer used to live in rural areas, people move to cities - must have housing - build it & able to oafford it = no!
      • india - soon overcome China in population
        • China one-child policy, + = withdrawl of soc secuity. & limited internal mgration of citizens (population controls). but can't keepup w/ housing = inaseq housing.

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