Sociology

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What is crime?
An illegal act which is against the state law and is punishable by the law or the state.
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What is deviance?
Behaviours or actions which are against the norms and views of society, however are not agaibst any formal rules and therefore not punishable by law.
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What is Chivalry Effect/Theory?
This is a theory that explains why women are less likely to be punished for criminal behaviour or are likely to recieve less harsh sentencing. The Chivalry effect is when women are treated more leniantly by male police officers or other men in the cr
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What is Corporate Crime?
This is crime committed by big companies or businesses. It includes things such as crimes against the environment e.g. the BP oil spill
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What is a crime?
an illegal act which is punishable by law
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What is deviance?
Behaviour which does not conform to society's norms and values and, if detected is likelt to lead to negative sanctions e.g. being treated differently by others. Deviance can be- but is not necessarily- illegal
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What are Folk Devils?
A group which is a treat to society's values.
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Define Inadequate Socialisation
This is an explanation of crime which suggests that criminal behaviour is caused by a lack of socialisation - if someone is not taught the correct norms and values of society by their parents they are likely to become deviant, equally if they are tau
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What is the Opportunity Structure?
The idea that someone commits crime due to the opportunities they have in their life. For example women commit less crime because they are generally expected to take the responsibility for children in the family so have less opportunity to commit cri
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What is the idea of Social Control?
This is the idea that we are controlled by society to ensure we obey the norms of society - the idea is to reward conformity and punish deviance. This can be formal social control e.g the law (people are arrested if they are behaving in a criminal wa
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What is a subculture?
A group of people who have different norms and values compared to the rest of society. For example an anti-school subculture is a group within school that rejects the norms of the school so do not conform to school rules
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What is White Collar Crime?
This is crime committed by middle class or upper class people. They are less likely to be caught or punished for this crime as they are not seen a stereotypical criminals. This might include crimes such as fraud.
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What is deviancy amplification?
Where the publics reaction to deviant behaviour leads to an increase in deviant behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is deviance?

Back

Behaviours or actions which are against the norms and views of society, however are not agaibst any formal rules and therefore not punishable by law.

Card 3

Front

What is Chivalry Effect/Theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Corporate Crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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