Sociology

Sociology

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The Future of Work

Comuterisation - computers make things easier due to the internet, emails, and work can be saved.

Working for home - hours are more flexible as work is done from home to look after children etc at the same time.

Flexi time - work is better as it means people can work around other things so long as work is done.

Machinisation - fewer jobs as people are replaced by machines.

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The Future of Work

Comuterisation - computers make things easier due to the internet, emails, and work can be saved.

Working for home - hours are more flexible as work is done from home to look after children etc at the same time.

Flexi time - work is better as it means people can work around other things so long as work is done.

Machinisation - fewer jobs as people are replaced by machines.

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The Future of Work

Comuterisation - computers make things easier due to the internet, emails, and work can be saved.

Working for home - hours are more flexible as work is done from home to look after children etc at the same time.

Flexi time - work is better as it means people can work around other things so long as work is done.

Machinisation - fewer jobs as people are replaced by machines.

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The Future of Work

Comuterisation - computers make things easier due to the internet, emails, and work can be saved.

Working for home - hours are more flexible as work is done from home to look after children etc at the same time.

Flexi time - work is better as it means people can work around other things so long as work is done.

Machinisation - fewer jobs as people are replaced by machines.

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How has the computer changed work?

- communication is easier

- it can all be saved

- less work for people

- 24/7 work

- family and work blend together

- work from home

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How has the computer changed work? Part 2

- increased efficiency

- dependance on technology

- international economy

- speedy and convenient

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Poverty Notes

- 1/3 of young people live in poverty

- 3 1/2 million kids live in poverty

- 4 in 10 young people in north east england live in poverty

- 63% of boys with criminal fathers will become criminal themselves

- 75% of young offenders dont go to school after age 13

- 25% of deprived areas have 3x as much crime

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How has the computer changed attitudes to work?

- people are always busy

- big excuse - my printer broke - my internet is down

- things need to happen yesterday

- more people working online

- shopping online

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How has the computer changed work?

- communication is easier

- it can all be saved

- less work for people

- 24/7 work

- family and work blend together

- work from home

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How has the computer changed work?

- communication is easier

- it can all be saved

- less work for people

- 24/7 work

- family and work blend together

- work from home

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How has the computer changed work?

- communication is easier

- it can all be saved

- less work for people

- 24/7 work

- family and work blend together

- work from home

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How has the computer changed work? Part 2

- increased efficiency

- dependance on technology

- international economy

- speedy and convenient

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Cycle of Deprivation

The cycle of deprivation shows how poverty can be passed from one generation to another.

The culture of poverty is passed from adults to children.

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How has the computer changed work? Part 2

- increased efficiency

- dependance on technology

- international economy

- speedy and convenient

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How has the computer changed work? Part 2

- increased efficiency

- dependance on technology

- international economy

- speedy and convenient

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What is poverty?

- no shelter

- no food

- no clean water

- no heating

- no clothes

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How has the computer changed attitudes to work?

- people are always busy

- big excuse - my printer broke - my internet is down

- things need to happen yesterday

- more people working online

- shopping online

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How has the computer changed attitudes to work?

- people are always busy

- big excuse - my printer broke - my internet is down

- things need to happen yesterday

- more people working online

- shopping online

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Poverty Notes

- 1/3 of young people live in poverty

- 3 1/2 million kids live in poverty

- 4 in 10 young people in north east england live in poverty

- 63% of boys with criminal fathers will become criminal themselves

- 75% of young offenders dont go to school after age 13

- 25% of deprived areas have 3x as much crime

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Who is in Poverty?

- ethnic groups, mainly Pakistani, Bangledishi and Afro Caribbean

- asylum seekers

- lone parents and children

- the unemployed

- the unskilled

- the low paid

- dependant on benefits

- ill and disabled

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Relative Poverty

This is when someone is poor compared to others in their society.

They do not have other things that people take for granted.

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Poverty Notes

- 1/3 of young people live in poverty

- 3 1/2 million kids live in poverty

- 4 in 10 young people in north east england live in poverty

- 63% of boys with criminal fathers will become criminal themselves

- 75% of young offenders dont go to school after age 13

- 25% of deprived areas have 3x as much crime

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How has the computer changed attitudes to work?

- people are always busy

- big excuse - my printer broke - my internet is down

- things need to happen yesterday

- more people working online

- shopping online

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What is poverty?

- no shelter

- no food

- no clean water

- no heating

- no clothes

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Environmental Poverty

The quality of life that comes from living in a particular social environment.

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Poverty Notes

- 1/3 of young people live in poverty

- 3 1/2 million kids live in poverty

- 4 in 10 young people in north east england live in poverty

- 63% of boys with criminal fathers will become criminal themselves

- 75% of young offenders dont go to school after age 13

- 25% of deprived areas have 3x as much crime

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Townsend

He used a wide definition of poverty and found evidence in 1960's and 1970's, he compared peoples quality of life.

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Environmental Poverty

The quality of life that comes from living in a particular social environment.

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New Right

New right thinkers are particularly concerned about the growing number of lone mothers.

They argue that boy children brought up without fathers figures will be unable to be good fathers themselves.

New Right = work to support a family

The solution is to out back or even stop the welfare state.

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Relative Poverty

This is when someone is poor compared to others in their society.

They do not have other things that people take for granted.

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Environmental Poverty

The quality of life that comes from living in a particular social environment.

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Seebohnn Rowntree

He reasearced poverty in York in 1899, 1936 and 1950. He used an absolute definition of poverty, he made a list and worked out the cost of bare neccessities for life, then worked out this as the poverty line. Those whose income was less than this were in poverty.

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Mack and Lansley

They asked people what they thought were essentials. They defined poverty if they were without three or more of the things most people thought of as necessities.

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Townsend

He used a wide definition of poverty and found evidence in 1960's and 1970's, he compared peoples quality of life.

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Coates and Silburn

They concentrated on how poverty was experienced by people they studied in Nottingham. They found people living in desperation on low wages and inadequate benefits.

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Poverty

Sociologists have explained poverty in several different ways.

These can be divided into:

- those who see people who are in poverty as a problem

- those who see them as victims of an unjust or failing system

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Immediate gratification and Fatalism

Immediate gratification - the attitude that you should enjoy life now. If you have money, spend it.

Fatalism - the attitude that you can not do anything to inprove your situation.

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Charles Murray

Charles argues that an underclass has been created in Britain.

An underclass is a group at the bottom of society and cut off from society.

The underclass is said to have been created by the welfare state because welfare encourages dependancy.

People are no longer willing to work and behave like respectable citizens because they know the state will look after them.

The welfare state itself has created the culture that keeps poverty going.

The values of behaviour of the underclass are seen as being like a disease contaminating society.

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Immediate gratification and Fatalism

Immediate gratification - the attitude that you should enjoy life now. If you have money, spend it.

Fatalism - the attitude that you can not do anything to inprove your situation.

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Cycle of Deprivation

The cycle of deprivation shows how poverty can be passed from one generation to another.

The culture of poverty is passed from adults to children.

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Charles Murray

Charles argues that an underclass has been created in Britain.

An underclass is a group at the bottom of society and cut off from society.

The underclass is said to have been created by the welfare state because welfare encourages dependancy.

People are no longer willing to work and behave like respectable citizens because they know the state will look after them.

The welfare state itself has created the culture that keeps poverty going.

The values of behaviour of the underclass are seen as being like a disease contaminating society.

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New Right

New right thinkers are particularly concerned about the growing number of lone mothers.

They argue that boy children brought up without fathers figures will be unable to be good fathers themselves.

New Right = work to support a family

The solution is to out back or even stop the welfare state.

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Poverty

Sociologists have explained poverty in several different ways.

These can be divided into:

- those who see people who are in poverty as a problem

- those who see them as victims of an unjust or failing system

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Class and Poverty

We live in a society in which there are classes. The poor are those at the very bottom of the class system, but somebody has to be at the bottom. Since the nature of our capitalist society is to allow some people to be better off than others, those at the bottom will be poor in comparrison to them. Poverty is a result of having an unequal society. Relative poverty is a side effect of rewarding those who have talent and work hard, it is unfortunate but necessary for society to work.

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How has the computer changed attitudes to work?

- people are always busy

- big excuse - my printer broke - my internet is down

- things need to happen yesterday

- more people working online

- shopping online

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Functionalists and Marxists views on poverty part

Marxists believe the system is unjust, based on exploitation. It is inevitable in this kind of society that some people will be poor comparred to others. Poverty can even be useful to the capitalist system, it helps to keep wages down and profits the rich make up.

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Underclass

- elderly people living on the state pension

- lone parents and their children

- young people without qualifications

- long term unemployed

- ethnic groups

The underclass are cut off from society, they are trapped there and they can not escape from their poverty.

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Charles Murray

Charles argues that an underclass has been created in Britain.

An underclass is a group at the bottom of society and cut off from society.

The underclass is said to have been created by the welfare state because welfare encourages dependancy.

People are no longer willing to work and behave like respectable citizens because they know the state will look after them.

The welfare state itself has created the culture that keeps poverty going.

The values of behaviour of the underclass are seen as being like a disease contaminating society.

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Poverty Notes

- 1/3 of young people live in poverty

- 3 1/2 million kids live in poverty

- 4 in 10 young people in north east england live in poverty

- 63% of boys with criminal fathers will become criminal themselves

- 75% of young offenders dont go to school after age 13

- 25% of deprived areas have 3x as much crime

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Relative Poverty

This is when someone is poor compared to others in their society.

They do not have other things that people take for granted.

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Relative Poverty

This is when someone is poor compared to others in their society.

They do not have other things that people take for granted.

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