sociology

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Agent of social control
Individual or group that is responsible for ensuring members.
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Anomie
A situation where large numbers of people fail to follow generally accepted values, instead adopting various deviant.
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ASBO (Anti-Social Behaviour Order)
An order made by the courts against a person who has been shown to have engaged in anti-social behaviour.
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British Crime Survey (BCS)
A victim survey conducted annually by a team of researchers at the Home Office. The BCS measures the amount of crime.
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Capitalist society
An economic system where the production of goods is or organised for profit and sold to a free market.
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CCTV ( Closed-circuit television)
A television system often used for surveillance.
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Chivalry thesis
The belief that thee police and courts, because they are male dominated, are easier on women.
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Crime
Behaviour that breaks the law.
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Dark figure of crime
A large amount of criminal activity never appears in the crime statistics.
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Deviance
Behaviour that does not conform to the normal norms of a specific society.
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Functionalism
An approach in sociology that seeks to explain the existence of social structures by the role they perform for society as a whole.
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Identity Theft
The misappropriation of the identity (such as the name, date of birth, current address or pervious address) of another person, without their knowledge or consent.
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Indictable offences
Serious crimes, generally those for which an accused person may be sent to prison if found guilty.
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Injustice
When a person is accused of a crime which they are not found guilty.
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Institutional Racism
Occurs when the everyday practicers and procedures of an organisation, for example, the police, lead to discrimination against and ethnic groups either intentionally or unintentionally
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Ladette
Young women who behave in a boisterously assertive or crude manner and engages in heavy drinking sessions.
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Marxist
Someone who believes in the ideas of Karl Marx and sees the main divisions in society based in social class operating.
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Non-indictable offences
Less serious crimes such as parking offences.
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Official crime statistics
The way crime is officially measured, based on statistics collected by the Home office.
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Peer group pressure
A group of a person's own age who are important to them and often influence them to behave in a particular way.
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Police
Agents of social control with the power to enforce the law.
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Prosecution
Conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behaviour.
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Recorded Crime
Crime that is recorded by the police. But not all crime is reported is recorded.
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Reported Crime
Crime that is reported to the police, Not all crime is reported.
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Self-fulfilling Prophecy
People hear label's about themselves from people who are more powerful then they are. They come to believe what the person says.
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Self-Report Surveys
Surveys of the population which ask them to confess to crime they have committed but for which they have not been caught.
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Socially Constructed
Views of what is criminal or deviant behaviour are influenced by the values and norms of the society we live in.
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Socially Defined Behaviour
Thought of as natural but is actually the product of cultural expectations.
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Sub-culture
A group with a set of values and ways of behaving which are distinctive from the generally accepted cultural values of society.
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Surveillance
Is the monitoring of the behaviour of people and objects within society.
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Validity
Data is valid if it gives a true picture of what is being studied.
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Victim Surveys
Surveys of the public which ask them to report any crimes they have experienced, whether or not they have reported.
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White-collar crimes
Criminal acts committed by middle class people.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A situation where large numbers of people fail to follow generally accepted values, instead adopting various deviant.

Back

Anomie

Card 3

Front

An order made by the courts against a person who has been shown to have engaged in anti-social behaviour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A victim survey conducted annually by a team of researchers at the Home Office. The BCS measures the amount of crime.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An economic system where the production of goods is or organised for profit and sold to a free market.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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