Sociology Unit 1 Part B Keywords

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  • Created by: parvati
  • Created on: 16-11-15 21:43
Norms
Unwritten rules of behavior that determine acceptable behavior
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Values
General ideas about what is right and wrong, the correct ways of behaving and what is considered important and worthwhile
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Identity
How we see ourselves and how others see us
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Status
The amount of prestige a persons position in society gives them
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Ascribed Status
Position in society, is based on social characteristics you were born with and is difficult to change
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Achieved Status
Your position in society that is earned by your own efforts and achievements
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Role
A part you play that is associated with particular norms and expectations
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Role Conflict
Where the demands of one role clash with other roles played
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Multiple Roles
Playing more than one role
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Culture
The term culture refers to the whole way of life of a particular society
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Subculture
A smaller culture with its own set of norms and values eg. punks, emos, rockers
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Relative
Specific to a particular situation, social group or society, not general
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Socialisation
The process of learning correct behaviour, norms and values
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Agents of Socialisation
The places or groups of people responsible for teaching individuals correct norms, values and behaviour
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Manipulation
Parents encourage children to behave in a way that is seen to be appropriate for their gender
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Canalisation
Parents give children gender-specific goods that are considered the norms for their genders eg. dolls for girls not boys
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Hidden Curriculum
The norms and values that schools teach students through day-to-day school life, not part of formal timetable
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Positive Sanctions
Rewards used to encourage acceptable behaviour
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Negative Sanctions
Punishments used to prevent unacceptable behaviour
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Sexuality
Our sexual behaviour and choice of sexual partners
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Stereotype
A generalised and simplistic view of a group of people which ignores individual differences. They are often negative -women are bad drivers and blondes are ****** are two examples of gender stereotypes that you may come across
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Femininity
The quality of acting in a way that society deems is typically female behaviour
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Masculinity
The quality of acting in a way that society deems is typically male behaviour
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House Husbands
A male who does domestic work and child care
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

General ideas about what is right and wrong, the correct ways of behaving and what is considered important and worthwhile

Back

Values

Card 3

Front

How we see ourselves and how others see us

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The amount of prestige a persons position in society gives them

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Position in society, is based on social characteristics you were born with and is difficult to change

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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