Sociology Inequality

Inequality
Is where some groups have more wealth, better opportunities and may be seen as more important than other groups
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Lifestyle
The way that people live including their job, car, clothes, health and leisure activities, and how they like to live
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Wealth
The amount of possessions that a person has. This may include money, property and other possessions, savings, shares and valuable items
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Life Chances
Are about opportunities of enjoying the good things the good things in life and avoiding the bad
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Status
How important a person is seen as, or how important your position in society is
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Inequality of Opportunity
People do not get an equal chance to be successful
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Sexism
The idea that one gender is better at or more suited to some activities than the other
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Racism
The idea that one race is better than others
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Ageism
The idea that some age groups are not as capable or act in a certain way
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Inequality of outcome
Different people will finish with more money, better jobs, or lifestyle than others
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Prejudice
An idea about what someone is like based on a pre-judgement about them
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Discrimination
An action for or against someone often because of prejudice
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Cultural Misunderstanding
When a person may not understand something about another person's culture and so see them in a negative way or confused way
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Stereotype
A fixed, exaggerated idea about a group of people
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Scapegoating
When a group of people are blamed for some of society's problems
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Ascribed status
A position you are born into, eg: gender, the queen
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Achieved status
A position you have earned eg: teacher, prefect
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Prestige
How special or important a position is seen as
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Income
Money that is received weekly or monthly as wages, benefits or pension
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Elite
A small, rich and powerful group who control society
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Power
The ability to get what you want
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Privilege
Having special advantages over other groups
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Ruling class
A Marxist term to describe the rich and powerful group who control society
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Quality of Life
Is to do with being happy and healthy, and feeling good about your life
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Social Exclusion
Being left out of society in important ways
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Recession
When many people are going out of business and losing their jobs
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Inclusion
The idea that all groups should be encouraged to be part of society and have the same chances as others
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Absolute poverty
When a person doesn't have the basics needed to live
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Relative poverty
When a person is poor compared with other people in the society
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Subjective poverty
When you think that you are living in poverty compared with others
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Deprived
Not having things that are seen as important
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Class
A way of grouping people based on their job and status
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Aristocracy
Includes high-status people with titles, such as dukes and earls
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Unemployed
People without jobs
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Occupation
A person's job
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Social Construction of Age
Is the idea that the norms of what a certain age is like vary from society to society and over time
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Demonisation of the young
Is when young people are presented in the media in a negative way as troublemakers
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Social construction of gender
Is the idea that the norms of gender vary from society to society and over time
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Femininity
Is a set of norms for women traditionally including motherhood, housework, caring, and looking beautiful
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Glass ceiling
An invisible barrier caused by sexism and discrimination that prevents women reaching the top jobs
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Double Burden
Is when women are expected to go out to do paid work and be in charge of the home and children
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Triple Shift
Is when women have to do paid work, housework, and take care of all the emotional problems in the house
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Breadwinner
The main wage earner in a family
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New Man
A new set of norms which appeared in the 1990's for men, which includeed showing their emotions, being more caring and taking on some female roles
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House Husband
Is where a man takes on the traditional female role of looking after the house and children
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Crisis of Masculinity
The idea that the norms for being a man are not clear anymore. Men are not sure of their place in society
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Masculinity
Is a set of norms for men traditionally including being in charge, strong and aggressive
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Homosexual
When people are attracted to people of their own sex
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Heterosexual
When people are attracted to people of the opposite sex
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Sexual Orientation
Whether someone is gay, straight or bisexual
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Homophobia
Fear of or hostility towards gay people
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Transgender
When someone is changing or has changed their gender
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Race
An outdated way of dividing people into groups often based on skin colour
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Ethnicity
Is about the cultural group a person belongs to and may include religion, nationality and way of life
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Institutional Racism
Is when the culture of an organisation is racist
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Institutional Racism
Is when the culture of an organisation is racist
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Disability
When a person is not able to do everyday tasks as well as other people, due to a physical or mental impairment
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Able-bodied / non-disabled
Means other people who are not disabled
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Social model of disability
Sees society as causing disability
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Underclass
Group below the working class and left out of society
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Cycle of deprivation
The idea that people who are poor can't escape poverty and their children will also continue the pattern
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Marginalised
Left out of society
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Feral
People who are unsocialised and wild
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Culture of poverty
Is the way of life of the underclass which dooms them to remain in the underclass
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Exploitation
When people are treated unfairly and taken advantage of
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Gender pay gap
The difference between the amount of men earn compared with women (Equal pay act-1970)
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Health
Means being free from illness or injury, both mental and physical
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Life expectancy
The average age that a person may be expected to live
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The way that people live including their job, car, clothes, health and leisure activities, and how they like to live

Back

Lifestyle

Card 3

Front

The amount of possessions that a person has. This may include money, property and other possessions, savings, shares and valuable items

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Are about opportunities of enjoying the good things the good things in life and avoiding the bad

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

How important a person is seen as, or how important your position in society is

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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