Social class - Marx
Capitilist society is stratified and divided into 2 classes - the bourgeosie (ruling class) and proletariat (w/c).
Economic factors determined classes.
Divided into the have and have nots. The Bourgeosie own all the land,factroies and land and exploit the Proletariat who work for them and get poor pay.
Bpirgeosie aim for higher profits, working class aim for higher wages.
Families socilise and reinforce the class sytem by passing down wealth and land. this means the rich stay rich and the poor remain poor.
Marx belived their was no social mobility but he wanted a Metitocratic society and communism.
Social class - Webber
Class stytem split into 4 - the market place. Classes are based on labour. One class hired labour and another sold it.
1. property owners, 2. proffesionals, 3. petty bourgeosie, 4. w/c
H are based economic factors like marx but also on job, how you sell yourself, status and power.
The top = greater life chances, each class has similar life chances.
He saw social class and status as seperate - nurses lack wealth but have status/ lottery winners lack status but have wealth/ arisocracy member may have no savings but have status by title
Social inequality - Gender.
Feminist = Ann Oakly, Sue Sharp, Jessy Barnard.
Boys/girls are socilised differently - gender socilisation. This means their are different expectations and gender roles are reinforced by the family and the media.
Inequality = glass ceiling, limited promtional oppotunties, sterotypical job roles from men and women, triple shift, dual burden, invisbale work, media sterotyping and the gender pay gap at 17% on average. Men more likley to work full time and have higher jobs.
Equality/ changing status = Equal pay act, Equality act (2010), emphasis on girls education - complusory education 1870, suffergets movement - equal right to vote, media changing sterotypes, joint congural roles, world war. Carer driven and contraception mean no longer just housewives.
Girls doing better in school - 2005 5a*-c for girls = 61.6% and boys = 51.5%. This can however suggest male inequality.