Culture and Socialisation Key Concepts

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The process whereby children pick up norms and values in their first years of life
Primary Socialisation
1 of 44
The way the media can affect people beliefs by constantly repeating the same messages
The Hypodermic Syringe Model
2 of 44
The process of watching and copying people
Copy Cat Behaviour
3 of 44
The norms and values that people need to pick up in the work place in order to work effectively and develop good relationships with their collegues
Canteen Culture
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What is taught in schools by teachers in formal lessons
Formal Curriculum
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People who are the same age and status as oneself
Peers
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Emotionally Stong
Expressive
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Shared beliefs that bind societies together and make them stable
Values
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Punishments for incorrect behaviour
Sanctions
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A process whereby people are deliberately and consciously taught to follow certain rules
Formal Socialisation
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The process whereby people learn to fit in to their culture by watching and learning from those around them
Secondary Socialisation
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Practical and Logical
Instrumental
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People who others are taught to look up to and respect
Role models
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The ability of children to put pressure on their parents to buy them new things
Pester Power
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Any social institution or group that passes on culture
Agent of socialisation
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What children pick up in school by watching and learning from the behaviour of those around them or things that schools teach unintentionally
Hidden Curriculum
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The process by which uniformity and conformity are prioritised over creativity and initiative in the work place
McDonaldisation
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Wide spread agreement within a culture
Consensus
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The idea that social characteristics are biologically determined
Nature
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Culture based around the idea people share
Non-material culture
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Culture that emphasises the importance of belonging to a group
Collectivist
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A belief or behaviour that is passed down from generation to generation
Tradition
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A belief that most people in a culture share
Value
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Not socialised by or with other humans
Feral
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Expected behaviours within a culture
Norms
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Any idea that is created and given meaning to by people`
Social Construction
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The way of life of a group of people
Culture
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Sociological beliefs put into practise by political parties
Social policy
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The social position a person is born into
Ascribed
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The ability of a person or group to influence how other think and act
Peer pressure
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Cultures in which people create and attach meaning to physical things
Material culture
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The process of learning the norms and values of a culture
Socialisation
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When there are official rules that are enforced by an authority
Formal social control
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The social position that a person gets through their experiences and choices
Achieved status
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The way people think about themselves as a result of their experiences
Social Status
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The social institutions that help people to live together
Social structure
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When there are unofficial rules that can become a part of everyday thinking and are not enforced by an authority
Informal social control
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The theory that culture is more important in determining the social characteristics that genetics and instincts
Nurture
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Cultures that emphasise personal freedom
Individualist
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The idea that society can be divided into different levels based on things like power, status and wealth
Social Class
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Ways of behaving that are seen as morally correct
Mores
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The process whereby boys and girls are given toys that are deemed as appropriate
Canalisation
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Which social class is associated with professional employment and high levels of education?
Middle class
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What kind of nationalism can be defined as extreme intolerance of others?
Extreme Nationalism
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The way the media can affect people beliefs by constantly repeating the same messages

Back

The Hypodermic Syringe Model

Card 3

Front

The process of watching and copying people

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The norms and values that people need to pick up in the work place in order to work effectively and develop good relationships with their collegues

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is taught in schools by teachers in formal lessons

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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