Sociology; concepts of culture

These are for the 'culture and identity' syllabus

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  • Created by: Sam Hill
  • Created on: 13-04-09 18:05

Concepts of culture; Values, norms and mores.

Nature-nuture debate, some is learnt, while some is genetic.

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Concepts of culture; Values, norms and mores.

Values - beliefs on what is good and what is bad.

Norms - guidelines for behaviour.

Mores - behaviour that is seen as unacceptable within a culture, i.e. incest.

Social roles - certain behaviour from certain people in society.

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Concepts of culture; Subcultures.

Subculture - a culture within a culture.

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Concepts of culture; Subcultures.

Can develop through shared cultural tradition or a response to social inequality, e.g. food, language, social class.

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Concepts of culture; Subcultures

Albert Cohen (1955) believed that young working class men were less likely to get a good job, leading to status frustration at being a low social class, so values and norms turned 'upside down', and this is a way of getting back at society.

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Concepts of culture; High and low cultures.

Culture can also be thought of as the best and most accomplished artistic works

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Concepts of culture; High and low cultures.

High culture is the cultural taste of the elite. Marxism; they benefit from seeming superior, is re-inforced through socialisation.

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Concepts of culture; High and low culture.

Cultural capital - amount of skills per social class.

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Concepts of culture; Mass culture.

Mass culture is the tastes of the lower socio-economic group. It is used negatively.

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Concepts of culture; Mass culture

Marxists claim it's pessimistic because it robs the working class of potential in life.

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Concepts of culture; Mass culture

Proposed link in that capitalism create false needs through advertising for working class, stops them thinking about political issues and is a one-dimensional view of society.

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Concepts of culture; Popular culture.

Popular culture is more commercialised and reflects 'ordinary' life.

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Concepts of culture; Popular culture

Through this, the youth managed to challenge society e.g through music.

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Concepts of culture; Global culture.

Globalisation is the process of global companies forming a shared identity amongst all.

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Concepts of culture; Global culture.

The emergence of global media corporations mean people watch and listen to the same things, which means a shared identity and an easier target market.

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Concepts of culture; Global culture.

Marxist believe this advertises false needs and provides more money for the capitalists.

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