Soc 1 Key Words

Common Sense
Everyday ideas about the world.
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Culture
The way of life of a group of people.
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Cultural Diversity
The range of different ideas and cultures that exist.
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Cultural Relativity
The idea that what is normal in one culture would be strange to another.
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Cultural Universals
Social behaviours that can be found in all cultures.
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Society
Group of people who share a way of life and a set of rules.
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Norms
Normal and expected behaviour.
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Values
Shared beliefs about how to act.
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Mores
Ideas about what behaviour is right and wrong.
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Deviant
A person who breaks norms and values.
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Formal Sanction
A punishment for breaking a law or written rule.
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Informal Sanction
A punishment for breaking an unwritten rule, imposed by people around you.
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Agent of Social Control
A group in society that teaches us how to behave.
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Mass Media
A form of communication that reaches a lot of people at one time.
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Anthropology
The study of different human cultures.
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Mainstream Society
The way of life for most people in a culture.
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Subculture
A small group in society with different beliefs and norms from others around them.
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Gender Roles
Social differences between the expected behaviour for men and women.
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Nature Theory
The idea that we act as we do because we are born that way.
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Nurture Theory
The idea that we act as we do because we are taught how to behave by others.
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Primary Socialisation
Being taught how to behave by your family.
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Secondary Socialisation
Being taught how to behave by people in the wider world.
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Informal Socialisation
Learning how to behave as you live your life.
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Formal Socialisation
When people deliberately set out to change how you act.
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Status
Respect others give to you.
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Stereotype
A category into which we put other people according to some simple characteristics.
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Labelling Theory
People are given a label by other people and then treated as though it were true.
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Role
Expected behaviour for a particular social situation.
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Manipulation
Children are controlled into certain behaviour.
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Canalisation
Children are directed into certain interests.
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Role Model
People that children copy and admire.
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Gendered Objects
Items that are intended for either boys or girls but not both.
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Gender
Differences in social roles of males and females.
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Sex
Biological differences between men and women.
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Nationality
Legal citizenship of a country with the right to have a passport and vote.
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Ethnicity
Membership of a cultural group
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Cultural Identity
Sense of who you are and the culture you feel you belong to.
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Sanction
A reward or punishment used to make people act as you wish.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The way of life of a group of people.

Back

Culture

Card 3

Front

The range of different ideas and cultures that exist.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that what is normal in one culture would be strange to another.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Social behaviours that can be found in all cultures.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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