Skeletal and muscular systems key terms

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  • Created by: claud
  • Created on: 26-05-14 15:43
The bony framework on which the rest of the body is built.
skeleton
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This attaches to and moves the skeleton.
skeletal muscle
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A place on the body where two or more bones meet.
joint
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The bones of the upper and lower limbs and their girdles that join to the axial skeleton.
appendicular skeleton
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This forms the long axis of the body and includes the bones of the skill, spine and rib cage.
axial skeleton
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Tissue that attaches one bone to another.
ligament
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A strong tissue that attaches skeletal muscle to bone.
tendon
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The shaft or middle part of a long bone.
diaphysis
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The end portion of a long bone.
epiphysis
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Connective tissue found at the site of blood cell production.
bone marrow
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The area of growing tissue near the end of long bones in children and adolescents. Later replaced by solid bone.
growth plate
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A thin layer of glassy smooth cartilage that is spongy and covers the end of bones at a joint.
articular cartilage
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A space within a synovial joint that contains synovial fluid.
joint cavity
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A flattened fibrous sac containing synovial fluid which prevents friction.
bursa
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A wedge of white fibrocartilage that improves the fit between adjacent bone ends.
meniscus
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A fatty pad that provides cushioning between the fibrous capsule and a bone or muscle.
pad of fat
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An upright standing position facing forwards.
anatomical position
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Towards the front of the body.
anterior
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Towards the back of the body.
posterior
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Point of attachment of a muscle that remains relatively fixed during muscular contraction.
origin
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Point of attachment of a muscle that tends to move towards the origin during muscular contraction.
insertion
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Ability of your trunk to support the forces of your arms and legs during physical activity.
core stability
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The muscles that work to stabilise the shoulder joint.
rotator cuff
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Tension is produced in the muscle while there is a change in muscle length. It is a dynamic contraction because the joint will move.
isotonic contraction
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Tension is produced in the muscle but there is no change in muscle length. It is a static contraction because the joint will stay in the same position.
isometric contraction
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A type of isotonic contraction that involves the muscle shortening while producing tension.
concentric contraction
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A type of isotonic contraction that involves the muscle lengthening while producing tension.
eccentric contraction
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A type of muscle fibre associated with aerobic work.
slow twitch muscle fibre
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A type of muscle fibre associated with anaerobic work. There are two types.
fast twitch muscle fibre
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Weakening of bones caused by a reduction in bone density making the prone to fracture.
osteoporosis
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A degenerative joint disease caused by a loss of articular cartilage in a joint.
osteoarthritis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This attaches to and moves the skeleton.

Back

skeletal muscle

Card 3

Front

A place on the body where two or more bones meet.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The bones of the upper and lower limbs and their girdles that join to the axial skeleton.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

This forms the long axis of the body and includes the bones of the skill, spine and rib cage.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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