Situation Ethics

Write your answers down in full sentences and then organise your answers to make an essay on situation ethics.

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  • Created by: jessica
  • Created on: 14-01-14 15:54
Who developed situation ethics?
John Fletcher
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What was he?
John Fletcher was an American Anglican Priest
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What does he reject?
He rejects absolute moral rules
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He recognises the one principle for christian morality ...?
He recognises the one principle for Christian morality - the law of love
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What is the right thing to do regarding situation ethics?
The right thing to do regarding situation ethics is doing what love demands
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What approach does he take?
Fletcher takes a situational approach
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In the Greek Testament there are how many types of love?
In the Greek Testament there are four types of love?
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What are these?
Storge, Philla, Eros, Agape
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Explain the first one.
Storge - sentimental love
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Explain the second one.
Philla - the love of friends and family
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Explain the third one.
Eros - Sexual and Physical love
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Explain the fourth one.
Agape - unconditional love
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Develop this.
The type that shows charity, respect and tolerance
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Why may it be difficult to make decisions based on love?
It may be difficult to make decisions based on love as love clouds your judgement
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Fletcher refers to the Greek term...?
Fletcher refers to the Greek term 'agape'
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for what?
For his fundamental principle of love
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What does it refer to?
It refers to Gods love for us and the love we have for our neighbour
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What is St.Pauls definition of love?
St.Pauls definition of love is 'Love is patient; Love is kind...'
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What is Fletchers basic principle?
Fletchers basic principle is 'nothing which is good in itself except love'
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What is St.Augustine's quote on love?
St. Augustine ' we do not ask what he believes in or what he hopes but rather what does he love?’
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How many fundamental principles on love are there?
There are 6 fundamental principles
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What is the first one?
1) Only love is intrinsically good, nothing else
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What is the second one?
2) The rule for Christian decision making is love and nothing else
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What is the third?
3) Love and justice are the same. Justice is love distributed
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What is the fourth?
4) Love wants what is good for the neighbour whether you love them or not
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What is the fifth?
5) Only the end justifies the means
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What is the sixth?
6) Loves decisions are made situationally, not prescriptively
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How many working principles are there?
There are four working principles
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What are they?
They are Pragmatism, Relativism, Positivism, Personalism
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Explain the first one
the proposed course of action must work and be motivated by love
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Explain the second one
The right response will depend upon each unique situation
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Explain the third one
People must accept that acting in the most loving way is the right thing to do
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Explain the fourth one
The desire to put people, not laws, first
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Situation ethics has been described as...?
Situation ethics has been described as being relativistic
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Why is this ?
Because there are no universal moral norms or rules and that each situation has to be looked at independently because each situation is different
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What did Fletcher reject?
Fletcher rejected antinomianism
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Why is this?
Fletcher rejected antinomianism because with no guiding principles there could well be moral chaos
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What is Legalism?
Legalism is an attitude that exalts laws above all considerations
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In John 15 it states...
‘noone has greater love than this, to lay down ones life for ones friends’
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What does this mean?
This means you could have enough love for a friend to go against rules
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In Mark 2 it states...
‘the Sabbath was made for man, not for the Sabbath’
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What does this mean?
This means that Jesus put people before laws and we should do the same
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In Matthew 22 it states...
‘Love thy neighbour as yourself’
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What does this mean?
This means Jesus stated that love is the highest principle above law
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Card 2

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What was he?

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John Fletcher was an American Anglican Priest

Card 3

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What does he reject?

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Card 4

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He recognises the one principle for christian morality ...?

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Card 5

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What is the right thing to do regarding situation ethics?

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