Self Fulfilling Prophecy as an Explanation of Crime

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what is the formula for self fulfilling prophecy
prophecy set + expectations = prophecy fulfilled
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describe the steps of the formula
individual establishes a belief about someone and expects them to act in a certain way to fit this label and so treats them accordingly. this results in the person living up to this label and doing the behaviour they were expected to do
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use an example to explain the formula
mum labels her son as being a thug because has a stereotype that all young people wearing hoodies are thugs. because of this she hides all the knives in the house because she expects her son to stab someone. as a result, he stabs someon
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define labelling
a typically negative title given to someone based on a stereotype e.g. criminal
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define stereotype
a view about a group of people based on little or no evidence e.g. all people that wear hoodies will stab people
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reductionist
doesn't consider individual differences - why some people try to overcome labels and others succumb to SFP
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Jahoda
tribe believed behaviour determined by day of birth: said wednesday births will be aggressive. more wednesday births in crime records. evidence of SFP
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ethics
unethical to test this theory because you cannot create a negative false belief about someone that cannot be overwritten
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reliability
lack of lab experiment research with tight controls which would be reliable; only valid research and so
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applicability
applicable to explaining recidivism as when criminal tries to reinsert into society, they are labelled still as a criminal and so the prophecy is fulfilled yet again
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evidence
there is evidence from another subject, sociology, that links crime with SFP and labelling which suggests reliability
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Card 2

Front

describe the steps of the formula

Back

individual establishes a belief about someone and expects them to act in a certain way to fit this label and so treats them accordingly. this results in the person living up to this label and doing the behaviour they were expected to do

Card 3

Front

use an example to explain the formula

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

define labelling

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

define stereotype

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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