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So...What is SFP?
Definition of the self fulfilling prophecy: A prediction that may
be false or only a possibility that is made true as a result of an
individual's actions.
Prophecy set:
Belief of
person is
person is
established Prophecy
according to Fulfilled:
belief Behaviour
as a response
treatment…read more

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Labelling & Stereotyping
Labelling involves a minority group
being seen as inferior to a majority.
Inferior terms are used when referring
to them.
Stereotyping is a generalised or
simplified view of an individual based
on limited evidence.…read more

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Applying This To Crime...
When an individual is labelled or stereotyped
they start to see themselves as the label
suggests and therefore becoming the label.
For example, if child at school is told they are
disruptive after a while they will become the
label and become more disruptive.…read more

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Madon et al (2003)
Aim: whether mother's prediction of daughter's alcohol use would affect alcohol use
in the future.
Procedure: Across 22 states, 505 mother child pairs (7th grade only) were questioned
and interviewed which assessed the variables between family, peers and substance
abuse. Initial visit followed by an agreed re-visit 18 months later. Small payout for
Results: Accuracy of an expectation was shown by how far an expectation differed
from prediction according to variables (only wrong expectations could cause a
fulfilment). 52% of predictions were down to accurate maternal expectation rest is
down to self fulfilling effects.
Conclusion: Self fulfilling prophecies tended to be helpful rather than harmful and
there was no evidence of an effect from class and income.
Criticisms: +Self report data was checked in order to control the variables, making
reliability high. - Naturalistic observation doesn't show cause and effet like lab
experiments, hard to prove SFP effected behaviour.…read more

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Jahoda (1954)
Aim: To investigate whether the name of a child can have an effect on whether they
commit crime in the future.
Procedure: A naturalistic observation of the Ashanti tribe, the day of birth defines the
boy's name. Monday= quiet and peaceful; Tuesday=aggressive and short-tempered.
Jahoda then checked court records to see the proportion of crime committed by a
Monday to Wednesday person.
Results: Wednesday people were significantly more likely to be convicted of crime,
than Monday people.
Conclusion: The name given to a child can affect the behaviour of the child later on in
life, giving a higher chance in being involved in crime.
Criticisms: + Valid data from courts were collected, this means no variables were
manipulated to collect this information. - The study hasn't been replicated so this
data may not be reliable.…read more

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