Secular View on the importance of the present life

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  • Created by: Megan
  • Created on: 01-05-15 16:52
What did Confucious say about what is important?
"Forget the Gods, the 'here and now' is what is important"
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How may Atheists describe themselves?
as materialists
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What does it mean to be a materialist?
There is nothing supernatural about us, we are just our bodies. When we die, our bodies will decay and we will cease to exist
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What do Atheists argue gives their lives meaning?
The love from family and friends, the impact you have on the world, and they imprint you leave when you die
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What does Richard DAWKINS say about giving life meaning? (The truly adult view...)
The truly adult view, is that our life is as meaningful, as full ans as wonderful as we choose to make it
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According to the Council for Secular Humanism what is the purpose/importance of the present life?
It is found in striving for greater understanding of our world, ourselves and others. It is about acting ethically.
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What do existentialist philosophers say the aim of humans is?
To expose the illusions of everyday life and call human beings to take a serious view of their responsibilities
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What is the Existentialist take on the idea of judgement?
We hold ourselves in judgement, we don't need an external judge to hold us accountable
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What is the goal of human life according to Satre?
to live authentically, of out own choosing, shaping our character and giving meaning to our own existence .
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What is existentialism ?
A philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. It is the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try and make rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe.
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What does 'existence precedes essence' mean?
there is nothing to dictate a persons character, goals in life,etc.; only the individual can define their essence
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What were the two ways in which Satre identified people could live?
1)Authentically 2)In a state of self deception
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Who developed the idea of Situation Ethics?
Joseph Fletcher
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What did Fletcher aim to create a compromise between?
Having too many rules and not rules at all. He suggested one rule to follow - the 'Law of Love'
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What is the Law of Love?
The right course of action is to do the most loving thing
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Who came up with Utilitarianism? Who went on to develop it?
Jeremy Bentham, later developed by John Stuart Mill
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What is Utilitarianism?
It offers a balanced, democratic morality that promotes the general happiness. It doesn't support the individual pursuits that are at the expenses of the majority. It is a common sense system.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How may Atheists describe themselves?

Back

as materialists

Card 3

Front

What does it mean to be a materialist?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do Atheists argue gives their lives meaning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Richard DAWKINS say about giving life meaning? (The truly adult view...)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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