1. What are negative symptoms of schizophrenia?
- Delusions, Hallucinations, Bad breath, paranoia
- Avolition, Alogia, Flattening Affect, Reduced motor movement
- Avolition, Delusions, Hallucinations, Voices in their mind
- Disorganised thoughts, Alogia, Agitated motor movement
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2. What studies supports the issue of cultural relativism?
- Davison and Neale: Asians expect repressed emotions and Arabs praise emotions
- Meehl: doctors should pay close attention to medical records
- Rosenhan: 8 pseudo-patients in a hospital
- Beck et al: inter-rater reliabilty was as low as 54%, agreed for 154 patients
3. What were the findings for rosenhan's study?
- lacks population validity because it only used 8 participants
- There are issues of subjectivity in the diagnosis of schizophrenia
- 8 patients pretended to be schizophrenic
- The real patient's were able to detect the 'pseudo-patients'
4. What is used to diagnose schizophrenia?
- The NYC and DSM
- The DSM IV and ICD
- Labelling issues
- The OPP and ECT
5. What are three issues concerning the diagnosis of schizophrenia?
- Inter-rater reliability, cultural differences, co-morbidity
- Reliability, Retrospective data, Weather
- Labelling, Ecological validity, confidentiality
- Deception, psychological harm, debriefing
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