Religious Studies: What Attitudes are There to War?

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Why might somebody think war can never bring good?
Because of the consequences war can have on the people involved.
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Name four consequences of war.
Death, Destruction of Property and Land, Disease, and Mental Illness.
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Talk about the consequence of war: Death
Millions were killed in wars in the last century
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Talk about the consequence of war: Destruction of property and land
This makes it difficult to re-start the economy of the nation after fighting.
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Talk about the consequence of war: disease
This often follows war due to damage to for, water and medical supplies, which allows diseases - like cholera - to spread
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Talk about the consequence of war: mental illness
For both in the fighting and exposed to attack, mental health issues might follow. Some soldiers might suffer from what is called post-tramatic stress disorder,where even years later they may have flashbacks about incidents that occurred(shell shock)
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What do some Christians believe war is often the result of?
The sin, the evil choices of people made in direct contradiction to God.
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What do some Christians hunk on occasion, war may be?
Necessary to fight in order to deal with a greater evil rather than not.
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What do many Christians believe that war can only be fought if?
Moral principles are followed.
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What do many Christians believe Jesus stressed in the gospels? What do they believe in?
The rejection of war and violence. They believe in pacifism.
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What is pacifism?
The belief that peace should be the central value people pursue; this normally means that war and violence are seen as unacceptable.
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Give a teaching that a pacifist Christian would quote.
Sayings of Jesus "For all who draw the sword will die by the sword"
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What might a pacifist Christian say about Christians believing in fighting?
That no Christian believed in fighting for the government or in war until the Romans officially adopted Christianity and it became the religion of the Empire.
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What do some people believe the only justification for war would be?
If they were defending, either in their own country or another country.
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Why did Britain go to war against Germany in 1939?
They were seeking to defend Poland from being invaded.
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Who and what was wrote in a book called Summa Theologiae?
St Thomas Aquinas, wrote about a theory of just war, a war that is better to fight than not.
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How many criteria does the just war have?
Six
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What is the first criteria of just war?
The war must be fought for a just cause. There must be a just or moral reason, such as defending a nation under attack or trying to stop a tyranny.
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What is the second criteria of just war?
There must be controlled violence. Every effort must be made to make sure that as little violence is used as possible. Any use of force that is more than the enemy can or has used is seen as immoral.
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What is the third criteria of just war?
A war can be fought if it is believed that a greater evil would exist if the war were not fought. People argue that if Britain and her allies hadn't taken on the Nazi regime of Hitler, then far greater evil would have happened.
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What is the fourth criteria of just war?
In order for a war to be just, it must be in the control of the politicians and not just dominated by the military in the war zone. They can only take minor decisions, the politicians should be able to take the most important.
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What is the fifth criteria of just war?
The force used in the war should be proportional. By proportionality, it means that the amount of force should not be excessive. The military should also try to avoid injuring innocent civilians.
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What is the sixth criteria of just war?
Only the military should be involved in fighting of the war and they should seek to avoid the damage of property and others.
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Card 2

Front

Name four consequences of war.

Back

Death, Destruction of Property and Land, Disease, and Mental Illness.

Card 3

Front

Talk about the consequence of war: Death

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Talk about the consequence of war: Destruction of property and land

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Talk about the consequence of war: disease

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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