Child Development

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What is monogamy?
When an individual only has one partner at any one time.
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What is polyandry?
Where a woman has two or more husbands at a time.
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What is polygamy?
Where a man has two or more wives at a time.
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What is an arranged marriage?
Where a bride and groom are selected by a third party.
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What is a forced marriage?
Is a marriage where one or both the partners is married without his or her consent or against his or her will.
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What can disabilities be the result of?
They can be the result of accidents or infections, or they could be congenital.
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What can a congenital abnormality be due to?
Abnormal genes or chromosomes, abnormal development and brain damage.
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Why can abnormal genes or chromosomes cause abnormalities?
The child inherits the genes or chromosomes from the parents or they may occur in the foetus for the first time.
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What are some examples of abnormalities caused by genes or chromosomes?
Down's syndrome or muscular dystrophy
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Why can abnormal development cause abnormalities?
Abnormal development can happen due to problems in the uterus?
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What are some examples of abnormalities caused by abnormal development?
Hole in the heart, cleft palate, cleft lip, damage caused by the rubella virus, damage caused by smoking, drug taking or drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
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Why may brain damage cause abnormalities?
Brain damage can happen during the development in the uterus or during birth. This may be caused by lack of oxygen (anoxia) or a number of other reasons. The disability that results depends on the part of the brain that is damaged.
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What are some abnormalities caused by brain damage?
If the part controlling movement is damaged it can cause cerebral palsy but if the part controlling intelligence is damaged it results in learning difficulties.
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What is a physical disability?
A disability which affects the normal growth and development of the body.
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What are some examples of physical disabilities?
Motor Neurone Disease, cystic fibrosis, spina bifida, cerebal palsy, downs syndrome, progeria, muscular dystrophy
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What is a learning difficulty?
Children with learning difficulties are those whose brain fails to develop normally or is damaged by accident or infection.
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What are some examples of learning difficulties?
ADHD, autism, downs syndrome, visual impairment, hearing impairment, speech impairment
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What is a sensory disability and what are some examples?
It affects the sense organs particularly the eyes and ears. It may be visual impairment, hearing impairment, blindness and deafness.
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How can you prevent a disability?
Avoid smoking, drug abuse and alcohol during pregnancy.
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What disabilities can be repaired by surgery?
Hole in the heart or cleft palate.
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What disability can have treatment to improve the condition?
Spina Bifida
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What disability can you control?
Epilepsy
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Which disabilities can be lessened by early training?
Down's syndrome, cerebral palsy and deafness
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What does a mental disability mean?
When children struggle to learn - it affects their intelligence.
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What does a physical disability mean?
Something that affects your movement. Their bodies may not develop like everyone else.
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How may parents who have a child with special needs feel?
Guilty, scared, shocked, worried, helpless, confused, angry
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What are gross motor skills?
Large movements using arms, legs or the whole body.
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What are fine motor skills?
Small movements using smaller muscles.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is polyandry?

Back

Where a woman has two or more husbands at a time.

Card 3

Front

What is polygamy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an arranged marriage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a forced marriage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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