Reductionism and Holism

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Breaking a complex system into its simpler components
Reductionism
1 of 8
The individual parts do not express the essence of the whole
Holism
2 of 8
Reducing behaviour to the activity of neurons, neurotransmitters and hormones
Biological reductionism
3 of 8
Reducing behaviour to stimulus-response links between behaviour and events in the environment
Environmental reductionism
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Reducing behaviours to variables
Experimental reductionism
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An approach which argues that what we see only makes sense when considering the whole
Gestalt psychology
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An approach which argues that an individual reacts as an organised whole rather than as a set of S-R links
Humanistic psychology
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An approach which argues that memory behaves differently as a whole than its individual connectionist networks
Cognitive psychology
8 of 8

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The individual parts do not express the essence of the whole

Back

Holism

Card 3

Front

Reducing behaviour to the activity of neurons, neurotransmitters and hormones

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reducing behaviour to stimulus-response links between behaviour and events in the environment

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Reducing behaviours to variables

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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